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AP English Language Cheat Sheet by

Quick things needed for the AP English Language 2020 test. Focus on rhetorical analysis

Diction Words

Jargon
Pedantic
Poetic
Vulgar
Euphem­istic
Moralistic
Scholarly
Preten­tious
Slang
Insipid
Sensuous
Idiomatic
Precise
Exact
Concrete
Esoteric
Learned
Cultured
Connot­ative
Symbolic
Pictur­esque
Plain
Simple
Homespun
Literal
Figurative
Provincial
Colloquial
Bombastic
Trite
Artificial
Abstruse
Obscure
Detached
Grotesque
Precise
Didactic
Sharp
Objective
Shocking
Sentim­ental
Observe

Tone Words

Angry
Sentim­ental
Condes­cending
Poignant
Sympat­hetic
Contem­ptuous
Apologetic
Humorous
Detached
Hollow
Joyful
Allusive
Sarcastic
Objective
Nostalgic
Irreverent
Bitter
Benevolent
Seductive
Restrained
Candid
Provoc­ative
Didactic
Whimsical
Colloquial
Flippant
Insipid
Inform­ative
Patron­izing
Ironic
Restrained
Elegiac
Sardonic
Conten­tious
Pity
Satirical
Fantasy
Innocence
Rebellion
Compla­cency
DDigust
Nostalgia
Fear
Warning
Disdain
Triviality
Extrav­agance
Reverence
Condemning
Stoic
Objective

Voice

Syntax
Diction
Details
Imagery
Figurative Language
Mood
Tone
 

Timing

5 minutes
Close reading
5 minutes
Summary outline/ planning
30 minutes
Writing
5 minutes
Editing for egregious eight
5 minutes
Uploading

Rhetorical Triangle

Egregious Eight

SP
Spelling
CAP
Capita­liz­ation
MCIE
Missing comma after introd­uctory element
WC
Incorrect word
IVI
Incorrect verb inflection
MW
Missing Word
PUNC
Inappr­opriate or missing punctu­ation
WC
Wrong form of word

Stylistic Devices

Irony
Metaphor
Analogy
Tone
Syntax
Allusion
Imagery
Motif
Repetition
Detail
Example
Point of View
Symbol
Hyperbole
Rhetorical Question
Parallel Structure
Style
Time Shifts
Monologue
Unders­tat­ement
Dialogue
Point of View- Credib­ility
Natura­listic Detail
Euphemism
Onomat­opoeia
Apostrophe
Antithesis
Ambiguity
Anecdote
Connot­ation
 

Appeals

Logos
Logic
Ethos
Credib­ility
Pathos
Emotions

Irony

Dramatic
Readers know more than the characters
Situat­ional
Contrast between expect­ation and reality
Verbal
Meaning opposite of what one is saying

Rhetorical Strategies

Argument by Analogy
Compar­e/C­ontrast
Example
Persuasion
Definition
Illust­ration
Classi­fic­ation
Process Analysis
Descri­ption
Satire
Cause/­Effect
Narration

SOAPSTM

S
Subject
O
Occasion
A
Audience
P
Purpose
S
Speaker
T
Tone
M
Mood

Elements

Tactile
Visual
Auditory
Gustatory
Olfactory

Lens/ Perspe­ctive

Physical
Emotional
Intell­ectual
Spiritual
Individual
Societal
           
 

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