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India - Size and Location 9th-Grade (NCERT) Cheat Sheet by

A summary of the 9th-grade geography chapter (NCERT).


Latitude and Longitude
The mainland extends between latitudes 8°4'N and 37°6'N and longitudes 68°7'E and 97°25'E.
Important Points
The Tropic of Cancer [23° 30'N] divides the country into two equal parts. (Appro­xim­ately)
Overseas Territ­ories
To the southwest and southeast of mainland, lie Lakshw­adweep islands and the Andaman and Nicobar islands respec­tively.
It is taken from pg. 1, Contem­porary India - 1 (NCERT).


Pakistan and Afghan­istan in the northwest, China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north.
Myanmar and Bangladesh
Sri Lanka and the Maldives
Some Info
Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar, while Maldives Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshw­adeep Islands.
More Inform­ation
India has 28 states and 8 union territ­ories.
Note how India stands apart from Asia, this country has strong geogra­phical and historical links with its neighb­ours.

Refer to Figure 3

It is taken from pg. 4 and 5, Contem­porary India - 1 (NCERT).

Figure 1

India : Extent and Standard Meridian


Area of 3.28 million sq. km. Total area is about 2.4% of the world's land. (India)
Land boundary of 15,200 km and the total length of the coastline of the mainland + overseas territ­ories is 7,516.6 km.
Young fold mountains (Himal­ayas) in the northwest, northeast and north. The country begins to taper from the south of 22° north latitude and extends in the the Indian Ocean forming the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
The longit­udinal and latitu­dinal extend of the mainland in ~30°, despite this, the north-­south extent appears to be longer than the east-west extend.
From Gujurat to Arunachal Pradesh, there is a time lag of 2 hours, hence time along the Standard Meridian of India [82°30'E] is the standard time. The latitu­dinal extend influences the duration of day and night as one moves from south to north.
India is the 7th largest country in the world.

Refer to Figure 1

It is taken from pg. 1 and 2, Contem­porary India - 1 (NCERT).

Figure 2

India on the Intern­ational Highway of Trade and Commerce

India and the World.

Advantage of Location (Sea)
The trans Indian Ocean routes, which connect the countries of Europe and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India. The Deccan Peninsula protrudes the Indian Ocean enabling establ­ishing close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast.
Advantage of Location (Land)
India's land trade and routes existed long before sea routes, passes between mountains in the north provided passages to ancient travelers. These routes enabled exchange of ideas and goods, the ideas of the Upanis­hads, Ramayana and the stories of the Pancht­antra along with the decimal system and the numerical system could reach many parts of the world due to this.
Other Trade Relations
The spices, muslin and other mercha­ndise were traded to the outside world. We also got influenced by Greek sculpture, the archit­ectural styles of the dome and minaret can also be seen.
Refer to Figure 2

It is taken from pg. 2 and 4, Contem­porary India - 1 (NCERT).

Figure 3

India and Adjacent Countries


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