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Psychology -- Learning & Memory Cheat Sheet by

learning and memory/////

TYPES OF LEARNING

perceptual learning
aspects of our perception change bc of experience
implicit learning
acquire inform­ation without intent that we cannot easily express
implicit memory
nonass­oci­ative learning
habitu­ation
sensit­ization
classical condit­ioning
operant condit­ioning
latent learning
observ­ational learning
ex. Bandura
state-­dep­endent learning

MEMORY

sensory intake
sensory regulation
takes less than 1 second to filter what's important
stm
"­working memory­" 7+/-2 chunks
ltm
can retain info for years
implicit
procedural
explicit
declar­ative
semantic
episodic
 

UNCOND­ITIONED EFFECT

neutral stimulus
no effect
uncond­itioned stimulus
leads to an automatic response
uncond­itioned response
ex.

CLASSICAL CONDIT­IONING

stimulus genera­liz­ation
tendency for the condit­ioned stimulus to evoke similar responses
dog running to owner after hearing whistle
higher order condit­ioning
neutral stimulus + condit­ioned stimulus = condit­ioned response
dog salivating when hearing a bell
extinction and sponta­neous recovery
originally acquired response and learning of the spatial relati­onship
ex. Little Albert (Watson) → condit­ioned effect, stimulus, & response
emotional reactions could be classi­cally condit­ioned in people
white rat paired with noise

FORGETING

decay
replac­ement
interf­erence
amnesia
 

CONDIT­IONED EFFECT

stimulus
condit­ioned stimulus
condit­ioned response
ex.

OPERANT CONDIT­IONING

reinfo­rcement (pos & neg)
punishment
reinfo­rcement schedule
continuous reinfo­rcement
fixed/­var­iable ration
fixed/­var­iable interval
fixed/­var­iable time
 

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