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Paper 1 Psychologists Cheat Sheet by

A brief explanation for psychologists in the following units: social influence, memory, attachment and psychopathology

Social Influence

DEUTSCH & GERARD
2-process theory (ISI & NSI)
ASCH
line length
ZIMBARDO
Stanford prison experiment
MILGRAM
electric shocks
ADORNO et al
f-scale
MOSCO­VICI et al
blue-green slides

Social Influence Evaluation

LUCAS et al
maths ability
PERRIN & SPENCER
engine­ering students
MCGHEE & TEEVAN
nAffil­ators
SHERIDAN & KING
real shocks to puppy
HOFLING et al
nurses obeying doctor, no anxiety
BICKMAN
uniform
MIRANDA et al
Spanish replic­ation
BLASS & SCHMIDT
expert authority
ELMS & MILGRAM
obedience correlated with f-scale
ALLEN & LEVINE
thick glasses dissenter
HOLLAND
externals and internals
TWENGE et al
more indepe­ndent and more external
ROTTER
LOC not imp. in familiar situations
WOOD et al
minority = consistent = influe­ntial
MARTIN et al
changing viewpoint
NOLAN et al
reduce energy usage hung on doors

Memory

BADDELEY
coding in STM & LTM
JACOBS
capacity in STM & LTM
MILLER
capacity of STM
PETERSON & PETERSON
duration of STM
BAHRICH et al
duration of LTM
ATKINSON & SHIFFRIN
multi-­store model
BADDELEY & HITCH
working memory model
MCGEOCH & MCDONALD
effects of similarity
GODDEN & BADDELEY
conten­t-d­epe­ndent forgetting
LOFTUS & PALMER
clips of car accidents
GABBERT et al
post-event discussion
JOHNSON & SCOTT
negative effect of anxiety
YUILLE & CUTSHALL
positive effect of anxiety
YERKES & DODSON
'inverted U' theory
FISCHER & GEISE­LMAN
cognitive interview

Memory Evaluation

COWAN
STM = 4 chunks
SHALLICE & WARRI­NGTON
patient KF
CRAIK & WATKINS
2 types of rehearsal
TULVING et al
different LTM stores
BELLE­VILLE et al
mild cognitive impair­ments treatments
BADDELEY et al
dual task perfor­mance
BRAVER et al
central executive activity
BADDELEY & HITCH
rugby players recall teams
TULVING & PSOTKA
categories
GODDEN & BADDELEY
recogn­ition test
YUILLE & CUTSHALL
real armed robery
ANASTASI & RHODES
own-age bias
PICKEL
suprising items
MILNE & BULL
report everything & context reinst­atement
KÖHNKEN et al
increase in correct and incorrect info.
 

Attachment

FELDMAN & EIDLEMAN
alert phase
MELTZOF & MOORE
facial expres­sions/ distin­ctive gestures
ISABELLA et al
synchrony and quality of attachment
SCHAFFER & EMERSON
primary attach­ment, separation anxiety
GROSS­MANN
longit­udional study
FIELD
father as primary caregiver
LORENZ
imprinting
HARLOW
imp. of contact comfort in monkeys
DOLLARD & MILLER
learning theory - drive reduction
BOWLBY
monotropic theory, maternal depriv­ation hypoth­esis, 44 thieves
AINSW­ORTH
strange situation
VAN IJZEN­DOORN & KROON­ENBERG
cultural variations
SIMON­ELLI et al
Italian variations
GOLDFARB
intell­ectual develo­pment
RUTTER et al
English and Romanian adoptee
ZEANAH et al
bucharest early interv­entioin project
HAZAN & SHAVER
romantic relati­onships quiz

Attachment Evaluation

CROTWELL et al
PCIT improved intera­ctional synchrony
GROSSMAN
father's role = play & stimul­ation
GUITON
chicks imprinted on yellow washing-up gloves
HAY & VESPO
parents model attachment behaviour
BRAZL­ETON et al
primary figure ignores babies social releasers
BAILEY et al
internal working model
BICK et al
different observers agree on type
TAKAH­ASHI
Japanese mothers rarely separated from infant
MAIN & SOLOMON
type: mix of avoidant and resistant
KAGAN
temper­ament more imp.
LEWIS
prolonged separation didn't predict crimin­ality
KOLUC­HOVÁ
isolated Czech twin boys
LEVY et al
separated baby rats
RUTTER
depriv­ation and privation
ZIMME­RMAN
little relati­onship between quality and attachment

Psycho­pat­hology

ROSENHAN & SELIGMAN
proposed signs for failure to function adequately
JAHODA
criteria for ideal mental health
MOWRER
2-process model (UCS,N­S,C­S,CR)
WATSON & RAYNOR
little Albert
BECK
negative triad
ELLIS
ABC(DE) model
TAYLOR
up to 230 different genes invloved

Psycho­pat­hology Evaluation

GILROY et al
spider phobia treatment
GRAZIOLI & TERRY
post-natal depression
MARCH et al
CBT, antide­pre­ssants, combin­ation
NESTADT et al
OCD vulnerable due to genetic make-up (twins)
CROMER et al
past traumatic event
SOOMRO et al
comparing SSRIs to placebos

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Comments

I think the Stanford Prison experiment is my all time favorite. Just shows how people conform.

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