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Paper 2 Psychologists Cheat Sheet by

A brief explanation for psychologists in the following units: approaches, biopsychology and research methods.

Approaches

WUNDT
intros­pec­tion, struct­uralism
FREUD
psycho­dynamic approach
WATSON
intros­pection = subjective
SKINNER
behavi­ourist approach, operant condit­ioning - rats & pigeons in cages
ROGERS & MASLOW
humanistic approach
BANDURA
social learning theory, imitation of aggression (bobo doll)
PAVLOV
classical condit­ioning - salivating dogs
DARWIN
theory of evolution - natural selection
MASLOW
hierarchy of needs
ROGERS
congru­ence, client centre therapy

Approaches Evaluation

BOWLBY
early childhood experience influences later life
FREUD
little Hans
POPPER
falsif­iab­ility
SEXTON & WHISTON
client centre therapy effective for majority

Biopsy­chology

BROCA
Broca's area - speech production
WERNICKE
Wernicke's area - language compre­hension
MAGUIRE et al
london taxi drivers
DRAGA­NSKI et al
medical students
MECHELLI et al
bilingual
SPERRY
split brain
SIFFRE
cave research
ASCHOFF & WEVER
WW2 bunker
FOLKARD et al
core body temp.
MCCLI­NTOCK & STERN
armpit -> lip =>s­ync­hro­nised periods
DECOU­RSEY et al
SCN destroyed in chipmunks
CAMPBELL & MURPHY
light on back of knees
 

Biopsy­chology Evaluation

PETERSON et al
brain scan evidence (Werni­cke­+Br­oca's areas)
TULVING et al
brain scan evidence - diff. sides
BEZZOLA et al
golf training
HUBEL & WIESEL
sewn kitten's eye shut
PUCETTI
hemisp­heres functi­onally diff. => duality in brain
BROCA & WERNICKE
used post-m­ortem examin­ations
SIFFRE
one off, observed himself
DECOU­RSEY et al
destroyed SCN in chipmunks
SCHANK
compet­ition for highest quality males
DEMENT & KLEITMAN
REM = dreaming
DAMIOLA et al
feeding patterns alter rhythms in mice
MILES et al
invest­igated young man (blind from birth)

Rsearch Methods

LOCKE
scientific = empiri­cally tested
POPPER
falsif­iab­ility = key criteria
KUHN
paradigms

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