What was the catalyst of the war?
Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his Wife.
When was the Archduke Murdered?
June 28th 1914. In Sarajevo, Bosnia
Why was his murder significant?
He was the heir to the thrown of the Austria-Hungarian Empire
Who was he murdered by?
Gavirlo Prinship. He was a Serbian nationalist and a Bonian nationalist.
So why did he kill the Arch duke?
He killed him because he wanted to send the message that "we stop at nothing to get our freedom" He did not think that it would start a world war.
What was the "black hand"?
it was a secret society of death. Although everyone knew, it was like a terrorist group
Who was the back hand against?
They were against the Austrian-Hungary Empire
What were the Fundamental Causes of the first world war according to Dr. Dehart?
The kingdom of Serbia's commitment to expand to create a "Greater Serbia". The Austrian-Hungary Empire determination to preserve itself. Germany's desire to avoid isolation and to achieve "world power". Russia's concern for its international reputation. Great Britain's commitment to preserve the European balance of power.
According to the book what was a major cause of world war 1?
nationalist fever spread throughout Europe. causes people to believe that everyone deserved to create a new nation.
The idea that peoples with the same ethnic origins, language, and political ideals has the right to form sovereign states.
So who went to war first?
Leaders of The Austrian-Hungary Empire used the assignation as a reason to go to war with Serbia because Serbia was blamed for the assignation.
So how did Germany get pulled into the war?
Before going to war the Austrian-Hungary Empire consulted with Germany. They did not say they were going to war exactly but they made it very clear. They were asking if Germany would back them if the war got out of hand. They essentially gave them a "blanque cheque".They were members of a Dual Alliance. Germany thought that even if they did go to war they could handle it and it would be quick
Triple Alliance or Central Powers
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
The Allies or the Triple Entente
An alliance between the British, France and Russia
Why did Russia join the war?
in 1904-1905 Russia lost a war to Japan. They faced some diplomatic defeated and Russia wanted to support Siberia. they were not allies but they were like little siblings to him. As soon as Russia joined the war Germany declared war on Russia
What year did Austria-Hungry declare war on Serbia?
July 28th, 1914
What year did Russia order general mobilization?
July 30th, 1914
Germany declared war on Russia?
August 1st. 1914
What was Germany's war plan?
The Schiefflen plan. As soon was Germany went to war with anyone they would declare war on France to keep France from attacking them.
What year did Germany declare war on France?
August 3rd 1914
Why did Great Britain join the war?
They wanted to preserve the balance of power. They had no commitment but they joined anyway.
Why didn't Italy enter the war when its allies went to war?
Italy argued that they were an exclusively defensive but their allies were the aggressors in the war therefore they didn't have to.
Italy entered the war in may 1915 with who?
Italy entered the war by selling themselves the highest bidders. They wanted land and whoever promised them the land they wanted they would fight for them. Italy wanted the land that Austria-Hungary owned
How did the fighting spread?
because European countries owned territories in other countries fighting broke out in there.
How much did the war cost?
Grew to be about 180 billion
August 23rd 1914 Japan declared war on?
What was the U.S opinion in the beginning?
Neutrality but they abounded it in April 1917
Who did the U.S. declare war on in 1915?
Why did everyone think it would be a short war?
Because history repeats itself and all previous wars were pretty short.
How many casualties?
how many deaths?