Islam Cheat Sheet. This can be used for assessments on significant people, the Hajj, and sexual ethics.
His first contribution was to Islamic Theology - Kalam.
It was falling under the influence of Greek Philosophy, tarnishing the reputation and generating negative attitudes towards it.
Al- Ghazali openly criticized philosophers such as Aristotle in his book "the incoherence of the philosophers".
Example Aristotle said that resurrection was a myth, but Ghazali said because Allah is all-powerful, Allah created life and can also re-create it.
Ghazali’s critique was so successful that Greek philosophy never influenced Kalam again.
Ghazali became fascinated with Sufism. Sufism focuses on direct personal experiences with Allah as ways of becoming a more dedicated adherent.
A strong connection to the Sufi idea that knowledge could be gained through mystical disciplines, that would bring him closer to Allah.
He then wrote his most famous text 'the revival of religious sciences' which refined and reshaped lots of Islamic teachings.
He used his influence to change people's opinions on education. 'Revival of Religious Experiences', Al-Ghazali emphasizes that education shouldn't be limited, but should be inclusive of all aspects of life.
He also explained the purpose of education and gaining knowledge is to assist man in achieving full happiness by achieving the closest possible relationship with Allah.
By contributing to Sufi teachings and creating the idea that mysticism should be combined with Sharia law. Widely acknowledged.
Ghazali was able to follow Shari’a and mysticism, to co-exist in Islam. He earned one of the greatest recognitions, as one of renewal of Islam.
Education, Al-Ghazali wrote the text ‘The REVIVAL OF THE RELIGIOUS SCIENCES’ emphasis on holistic education. Outlining - why and how
A wider discourse in education, his impact is reaching.
Still has an impact today because of his forward-thinking nature and his work.
the sexual ethical teachings are a guide, so they don't do things that are morally wrong and displeasing too God.
Male and female complement each other: “they are your garments and you are their garments” (Qur’an 2:187). Pre-marital sex is considered wrong "Haram"
Reinforce the idea that sex is to be enjoyed within a marriage that has been sanctioned by Allah.
Islam is strongly pro-family and see children as a gift from God.
Muslims forbid sex outside of marriage, so contraception should be used within marriage with both consent of husband and wife.
Al-Ghazali argued that while abortion and infanticide were crimes against a living being, contraception was different.
Al-Ghazali rejected some reasons for contraceptives as objectionable (Makruh).
Al-Ghazali supported the use of contraceptives for protecting the dangers of childbirth, preserve beauty, economic reasons (manageable size), and the well being of the children.
All forms of reversible contraception are permissible if consensual.
Is the last pillar of Islam which is fundamental and required in order to live out the Islamic beliefs.
Every Muslim must perform the Hajj at least once in their life unless they are physically unable to.
Muslims believe that the rites of the Hajj were designed by Allah to develop God-consciousness and a sense of spiritual rebirth.
Muslims come together as one.
A spiritual, physical, and mental, Islamic adherent's ultimate goal is to purify the soul.
Spiritual rebirth allows adherents to live a more centered and observant life focused on consolidating their relationship with Allah.
Hajj allows Islamic adherents to pivot their lives away from modern distractions and reorient their focus to Allah and living a life where Islamic beliefs guide all actions and behaviors.
Al-Ghazali has also participated in the Hajj along with many other significant people in the Islamic culture.