Satraps were governors of provinces of ancient Achaemenid and Seleucid empires. The satrapies was the name of those provinces.
Shahanshah is the name of the "king of kings" to Persian emperors.
This is the more conservative sect of buddhism that is more concerned with personal enlightenment through analysis and application of philosophy in personal life.
This is considered the more liberal sect of buddhism because there is an acknowledgement and concern for the enlightenment of all people and living things.
A boddhistva is a person able to reach nirvana but sacrifices that in order to teach others how to reach it. In order to save other suffering beings.
He was the founder of the Maurya empire in India around 320bce.
Struggle of the Orders
494-287bce; This was a struggle between the plebian and patrician classes. Laws were put in place that suppressed the Plebian class, and the struggle to gain equality would last over 200 years.
In 494bce, tribunes were elected official that helped protect the interest of the plebian class.
264-146bce; Punic Wars were between Carthangian empire and the Roman empire. Rome defeated Carthage and gained control over the western and eastern halves of the Mediterranean.
These were great estates that were agriculturally important because they specialized in growing crops, such as olives and grain, that would be exported.
The Gracchi brothers were Tiberius and Gaius who were both politicians that represented the plebian class and reformed the sociopolitical state of the plebian class in the 2nd century BCE.
They were aristocrats that relied on the people's assemblies in order to acquire political power.
In 136bce to 86 ce, Marius was a military leader that made military reformation in Rome that allowed it to have the strongest military to date. He allowed poor citizens to join the army, and had the government pay for their military equipment.
100bce-44bce, Julius Caesar was a Roman dictator that helped formed the First Triumvarate,
This was a form of absolute power given to a citizen to control the military or governmental entity.
From 27bce-14ce, Octavian inherited the empire after the death of Julius Caesar. Him and Mark Antony ruled together, but it was only him after he assasinated Antony. He also fought to kill Caesar's assassins.
This was a 200 year long period where there was sustained inner hegemonial peace and stability.
284-305ce; This emperor ended the period known as the 3rd Century Crisis. He persecuted Christians and forced the polytheistic religious state of Rome.
306ce-337ce; Constantine was the first emperor to change the empire's religion to Christianity. He protected Christians with the Edict of Milan.
Edict of Milan
IN 313 bce, the Edict of Milan was enforced by Constantine that granted the protection and benevolent treatment of Christians in the empire.
3rd Century BCE Crisis
This was the period where Rome nearly collapsed to due invasions, civil war, plague and economic depression.
Germanic barbarians and their invasions
Paul of Tarsus
Paul was an apostle of Christ that spread the word of God throughout the Roman Empire. He was a Roman persecutor and was determined to persecute Jesus' disciples before his conversion to Christianity.
Council of Nicaea
st. Augustine of Hippo
354-430ce, he was a highly-regraded catholic theologian that helped develop Western Christianity as it is today.
Former Han Dynasty
They converted Qin policies of centralization and tax policies on agriculture, trad and manufacturing. The fiscal innovations of the Han are the lottery and the government monopolies on the sale of salt, iron and liquor.
Later Han Dynasty