a research strategy that involves living and interacting with a community of people over an extended period of time.
Franz Boaz; used to study cultural, lingustic, material and biological information about Native populations being devastated by colonization.
a research method that involves the anthropologist interacting and living with the people of the culture they are studying.
a community member who advises anthropologist on community issues, they also warn them about cultural miscues.
a fieldwork strategy that examines the interlocking relationships built on power.
An outside observer's perspective on a culture.
A cultural insider's perspective on their culture.
The realization that knowledge about other people emerges out of relationships and perceptions individuals have with each other.
A systematic methodology for recording kinship relations and how kin terms are used in different societies.
The study of cultural change in societies and periods for which the community had no written histories or historical documents.
Short-term, focused ethnographic research, typically lasting no more than a few weeks.
A research method in which data/research questions are defined through collaboration between the researcher and the subjects of research. Goal: Take action on their primary problems.
Reviewing the Chapter
What We Know
What distinguishes ethnographic fieldwork from other types of social research?
The ability to conduct fieldwork and to live with the communities they were studying for long periods of time provides more insight on what the people do/lifestyles for what they are.
How do anthropologists do ethnographic fieldwork?
Becoming involved (participant observation); asking the people questions (interviews); taking notes
What other methods do cultural anthropologists use?
Comparative method; genealogical method; life histories; ethnohistory; rapid appraisals; action research.
Homework 3: Modern Ethnography
Describe where the anthropologist studying Haitian immigrants in the US first began her research.
Research begins at Dorchester, MA at a Haitian refugee social service.
What is the primary question that the student studying artisan cheese makers is asking?
She is studying how different people make cheese and what defines them as experts or artisan cheesemakers.
The anthropologist researching methods in marine biology has a very specific set of questions. His research may be important factor in explaining climate change (and other issues related to oceans) to the general public. How?
Because his research is executed in a qualitative manner, it may be easier for the public to process his explanation of climate change and it's effects on their ocean, whereas the marine biologist is more scientific and quantitative with his explanations.