Terms and Definitions
Study of language (from anthropological view)
A method of recording narrative speech acts (includes oral poetry, stories). This helps to capture the poetic format and other performative elements that might be lost if only written.
Ethnography of speaking
The study of how people use spoken language in a particular cultural setting.
Patterned sounds, utterances and movements of the body that express meaning.
Comparative study of ancient texts.
A hypothetical common ancestral language of two or more living languages.
Words in two languages that have the same sound shifts as other words; indicative of a common linguistic ancestry.
Systematic analysis and description of a language's sound system and grammar.
The structure of words and word formation in a language
The study of how sociocultural context and norms shape language use, and the effects of language use on society.
The idea that people speaking different languages perceive or interpret the world differently because of differences in their languages.
The study of how people classify things in the world, by considering some range or set of meanings.
A language of mixed orgin that has developed from a complex blending of two parent languages and exists as a mother tongue for some part of the population.
A mixed language with a simplified grammer, borrowing vocabulary from on language but it's grammer from another.
Assumptions that people make about the relative sophistication and status of particular dialects and languages.
Paraphrasing of Definitions
Study of language in anthropology.
Ethnography of speaking
Study of how people speak in cultural settings.
Recording (poetic, narrative) oral traditions in a way that maintains the performative aspect.
Patterned sounds and body movements that express meaning.
comparative study of ancient texts.
A hypothetical common language of two or more living languages.
Words in two language that are pronounced (sometimes spelled) the same way.
Analysis of a language's phonetics and grammar.
Pattern of sounds in a language
Structure and syntax of words
Study of how society affects/shapes language
People speaking different languages perceive the world differently because of the differences in their languages.
Study of how people classify things in the world.
The language developed from blending two existing languages.
Mixed language with simple grammar that borrows vocabulary from one language and grammar from another
Assumptions that people make about the status of particular dialects and languages.
Chapter 10: Race, Ethnicity and Class