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PE 102 - Fitness Exercises Cheat Sheet by

Preparation for the upcoming midterm exams in this course.

1.1 Fitness for Life

Physical Fitnesss
ability of your body systems to work together effici­ently.
Health
a word often associated with good fitness.
According to WHO, health was considered as nothing more than absence from disease.
Wellness
includes intell­ectual, social, emotional, physical, and spiritual aspects. It has to do with feeling good about yourself and with having goals and purposes in life.
Physical Activity
The movement using the large muscles of the body. Physical activity is a general term that includes sports, dance, and activities done at home or work, such as walking, climbing stairs, or mowing the lawn.
Exercise
When people do physical activity especially for the purpose of getting fit.
Benefits
Looking good
Feeling good
Enjoying life
Meeting emerge­ncies
 

1.2 Fitness Through Physical Activity

The Parts of Physical Fitness
Health Related Fitness
Cardio­vas­cular fitness
Is the ability to exercise your entire body for long periods of time without stopping.
Strength
Is the amount of force your muscles can produce. Measured by how much weight you can lift or how much resistance you can overcome.
Muscular endurance
Is the ability to use your muscles many times without tiring. Better posture and fewer back problems.
Flexib­ility
Is the ability to use your joints fully through a wide range of motion. Fewer injured muscles.
Body Fatness
Is the percentage of body weight that is made up of fat when compared to the other body tissues. Too little or too much fat can cause health problems.
Hypoki­netic conditions - health problems caused partly by lack of physical activity . Examples include heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, osteop­orosis, colon cancer, and being over fat.
 

Skill-­Related Fitness

Agility
Is the ability to change the position of your body quickly and no control your body’s movements. Good agility are likely to be good at activities such as wrestling, diving, soccer, and ice skating.
Balance
Is the ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving. Good activities such as gymnastics and ice skating.
Coordi­nation
Is the ability to use senses together with your body parts or to use two or more body parts together. Good at hitting and kicking games such as baseball, softball, tennis, and golf.
Power
Is the ability to use strength quickly. Both strength and speed involved. Good power might have the ability to put the shot, throw that discus, high jump, play football, and speed swim.
Reaction time
Is the amount of time it takes in to move once you realize the need to act. Good reaction time are able to make fast starts in track or swimming or to dodge a fast attack in fencing or karate.
Speed
Is the ability to perform a movement or covert a distance in a short period of time. Good leg speed can run fast, while people with good arm speed can throw fast or hit a ball that is thrown fast.
           
 

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