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AS PSYCHOLOGY , BASICS Cheat Sheet by

Entails the basics on the approaches, SOCIAL, BIOLOGICAL, COGNITIVE and LEARNING.

REVIEW ON APPROACHES

PSYCHO­LOGICAL ASSUMP­TIONS

SOCIAL APPROACH
• behaviour, cognitions and emotions can be influenced by other indivi­duals
• behaviour, cognitions and emotions can be influenced by groups or social contexts
BIOLOGICAL APPROACH
• behaviour, cognition and emotions can be explained in terms of the working of the brain and the effect of hormones
• simila­rities and differ­ences between people can be understood in terms of biological factors and their intera­ction with other factors
COGNITIVE APPROACH
• behaviour and emotions can be explained in terms of the role of cognitive processes such as attention, language, thinking and memory
• simila­rities and differ­ences between people can be understood in terms of individual patterns of cognition
LEARNING APPROACH
• condit­ioning helps to explain changes in behaviour
• social learning helps to explain changes in behaviour.
 

QUESTION GUIDE

CORE STUDIES

SOCIAL APPROACH
MILGRAM (1963) OBEDIENCE
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PILIAVIN ET AL. SUBWAY SAMARITANS
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YAMAMOTO ET AL. CHIMPANZEE HELPING
BIOLOGICAL APPROACH
CANLI ET AL. (2000) BRAIN SCANS AND EMOTIONS
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DEMENT & KLEITMAN SLEEP AND DREAM
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SCHA­CHTER AND SINGER (1962) TWO FACTORS IN EMOTIONS
COGNITIVE APPROACH
ANDR­ADE DOODLING
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BARO­N-COHEN ET AL. EYES TEST (AS AND HFA)
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LANEY ET AL. FALSE MEMORY
LEARNING APPROACH
BANDURA ET AL. AGGRESSION
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SAAVEDRA & SILVER­MAN BUTTON PHOBIA
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PEPP­ERB­URG PARROT LEARNING
                               

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