Feedback definitions, positive and negative feedback and techniques for Second Language Learning.
Feedback is one of the most conceived and important classroom functions of the teacher that can be classified into positive and negative feedback.
Positive feedback means to let students know that they performed correctly, and to increase motivation through praise
- Positive feedback uses words such as "good", "great", "okay" and "excellent".
Negative feedback consists on letting the students know that the response or performance was incorrect pointing out areas that need improvement and how to improve.
- Commonly uses the rise of intonation, repetition of the students response or simply providing the correct answer (correction).
1. Praise particular activities and performance criteria.
2. Praise when recognizing effort and success in different tasks.
3. Praise task-relevant behavior after the task or the activity is completed.
4. Giving them more responsibilities, or let him explain and help others gives them a sign that they are doing a good job.
1. Ask the students or employees, how they think they're doing (self assessment).
2. Tell them their behavior/performance was or how should've been done / how the teacher expected.
3. Ask the student/employee how they think they can do to improve.
1. Praise their good performance and strengths
2. Tell them the behavior/performance they had and how should've been done/ how the teacher expected.
3. Praise they're ability to adapt or modify that behavior/performance.
1. Praise simply for participation instead of specific criteria.
2. Praise regardless of the difficulty or effort expended in the accomplishment of tasks.
3. Praise only during the activity (ongoing) regardless of behavior.
Connecting concepts together from past to future behavior.
1. Past positive behavior/performance.
2. Present observed behavior/performance.
3. Future behavior/performance expected.
English Teaching to Adults