What is Feedback?
In teaching, feedback refers to comments or other information that learners receive concerning their success on learning tasks or test, either from the teacher or other person.
Positive and Negative Feedback
Positive Feedback - affirming comments about past behaviour. Focuses on behaviour that was successful and should be continued
Negative feedback – corrective comments about past behaviour. Focuses on behaviour that wasn’t successful and shouldn’t be repeated.
Example - Is delivered contingently
Example - Is delivered randomly or unsystematically
Example - Praise
Example - Over/Under/No Praise
How to Give Effective Feedback
Use affirmation with all students, but make sure you are affirming their performance rather than praising them as people.
Use correct and direct feedback to help inexperienced and struggling students with a particular task.
Point out the process when you want to help your students use your feedback to complete similar tasks in the future.
Coach experienced and gifted students to critique themselves.