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Feedback and Techniques Cheat Sheet by

The following cheat sheet contains information about giving feedback in a language classroom


Feedback in language teaching is the response from the teacher after any student perfor­mance using the language.
Negative feedback is used when students commit a mistake. Its purpose is to change behavior towards the correct direction.
Positive feedback is used when students use language correctly. Its purpose is to reinforce accurate and approp­riate use of the language.


Give equal attent­ion to well- performing students as much as low-pe­rfo­rming ones.
Overdoing or underdoing feedback might result in students' distrust.
Always change feedback techni­ques so it doesn't seem automated.
Let mistakes happen and worry not to correct every single mistake or praise very single correct use.
Either it's for positive or negative feedback, always give simple reasons for each feedback.


Ask- Tell-Ask
It consists in a three-step sequence. First, the teacher (T) asks for the student's (S) self-a­sse­ssment; second, T tells S the mistake that was commited; third, T asks S how he will improve to avoid the mistake next time.
The process has a similar structure as the previous one. First, T prai­ses S by mentioning strengths; second, T mentions the mistake; third, T prai­ses S's abilities to be better for next time.
Lets the student know their past perfor­mance, compares it with their pres­ent perfor­mance, and then establ­ishes expect­ations of their future perfor­mance.

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