Dehydration Synthesis Applied to Lipids
*This is a saturated triglyceride
When your body has more calories than it needs, it turns the calories to triglycerides and stores them.
To make a single triglyceride, you need one molecule of glycerol and three fatty acid chains.
Water is taken out and the four molecules bind together to form triglycerides.
Hydrolysis Applied to Lipids
Types of Fat
Saturated Fat has all of the possible hydrogen atoms on it.
It also does not have a double bond, all the bonds are single.
Saturated triglycerides are generally solid at room temperature and tend to be the most unhealthy.
They can contribute to arteriosclerosis which is when blood vessels harden due to too much fat on the inner walls.
Some examples of saturated fat are: shortening (the worst possible fat), butter, cheese, beef and pork.
Monounsaturated fat is when the fatty acid chain has one place where it is unsaturated. This means that there is a double bond and it is missing hydrogen atoms. It also is bent/has a kink.
Monounsaturated fat is actually better for you. It does not increase risk of arteriosclerosis and it reduces cholesterol which causes heart disease.
It is usually liquid at room temperature.
One example is olive oil. Monounsaturated fats can usually be found in avocado and nuts.