Making a larger molecule by taking out water.
Monosaccharide (glucose ==> C6H12O6)
*There is a carbon atom at each corner that is not shown
Simple sugar, one molecule of sugar. It can be used right away or stored. To store it, it has to be connected to other molecules using dehydration synthesis.
Dehydration Synthesis in Carbohydrates
Cells use dehydration synthesis to link two glucose molecules together into maltose. Maltose is a disaccharide which can be stored.
Sugars are usually stored as polysaccharides (many sugars) which is a sugar with more than two monosaccharides. Also called starch
Can be immediately turned to ATP
Takes a bit to turn to ATP
Takes a long time to turn to ATP
Splitting a larger molecule by adding water.
Sugars used to make/short-term store energy.
A sugar with 2 monosaccharides
Hydrolysis in Carbohydrates
Hydrolysis of a fructose molecule.
Hydrolysis is used to/when:
-break down food in the digestive system
-body needs quick/fast energy (simple sugars)
Body can run out of energy but still have fat because fat takes a long time to break into simple sugars.
A molecule that has many elements, one of which is carbon. Ex: Proteins, carbohydrates, lipids
A carbohydrate plants use in cell walls to provide support
No calories; humans can't digest; helps you shit
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose molecule linked together that can be stored
A dissacharide consisting of a glucose molecule and a fructose molecule
Another name for polysaccharides
A polysaccharide consisting of many glucose molecules linked together (sometimes hundreds). Extra sugar is stored as glycogen in the liver of the body as a short-term energy storage