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Glossary. Week 6 by

Speech acts

Speech acts


Synthesis matrix

A chart that allows a researcher to sort and categorize the different arguments presented on an issue. Across the top of the chart are the spaces to record sources, and along the side of the chart are the spaces to record the main points of argument on the topic at hand.


The fact of coming after the most important word in a noun group (the head) and adding inform­ation about it.

In the noun group 'the rules of the game', the prepos­itional phrase 'of the game' is an example of postmo­dif­ica­tion.


Use of a word which is not a noun as a noun, or as the head of a noun phrase.

This change in functional category can occur through morpho­logical transf­orm­ation, but it does not always.

Pragmatic ability

Knowledge of how to use language to achieve goals in language intera­ction, or rather, competence at handling lan- guage intera­ction in a socioc­ultural context

Language acquis­ition

Language acquis­ition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language (in other words, gain the ability to be aware of language and to understand it), as well as to produce and use words and sentences to commun­icate.


Relating to or being the commun­icative effect (such as commanding or reques­ting) of an utterance

An inanimate subject

An inanimate subject is also called an impersonal subject. Inanimate means what is without life. An English sentence with an inanimate subject appears in written English, in which an inanimate object acts as the subject


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