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VCE Children Development for English Language Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Cheat sheet for english language AOS 2

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Rules and Notes

Notes tba

-Only relevent terms in the VCE English Language study design will appear.
-Order of Descri­ption of Subsystem - Features Found in Subsystems and How They Relate - Import­ent­/Re­levent Linguists

Analytical commentary layout and comments

Mrs fat cds

Mode: spoken, written, sign
Register: formal, infomal
Social purpose: whats the speaker trying to do socially. Eg. Comedians speak infromally to build repore

Function: what is the purpose of the text. eg. the news is made to convay infomation to the public
Audience: who is consuming the speech­/text
Text Type: Narritive, Descri­ptive, Argume­nti­tive; Compar­itive, etc

Cultural Context: What is happen at the time of the speech­/text eg, war, movements, covid
Domain: subject of text. Eg, what is spoken and what the AC is on(sub­sys­tems)
Situat­ional Context: Where and When?
+ language theory: behavi­ourism, innatism, intera­ctism

-only add what actually applies.

bp 1-3
Fea structure
Feature: Which subsystem/ which noted feature
Evidence: Line number and written example
analysis: how the feature has transi­tioned between texts; how the feature is normal or adnormal; explin­ation of features presence.

-add sign posting

bp 4
three theorys TBA

Phonetics and Phonology


the Intern­ational Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

• speech sound produc­tion: voicing, place of articu­lation and manner of articu­lation

• sounds in connected speech and connected speech processes: assimi­lation, vowel reduction, elision, insertion

Morphology and Lexicology

The study of vocab, words, and the parts of words.

function vs content words
-content words used first

-2-3 children start using articals and possesive pronouns.

-18-24 months simple neg(do not)
-2-3 years complex neg(dont)

-2-3 years start using basic aux verbs (is, are)
-3-4 will start using more complex model verbs (can, will, should)
-4 and up can use both

"John is starting to use function words, this shows he is enetering a new stage of develo­pme­nt"

"John shows an unders­tanding of using negitive sentances and conjuc­ations, and knows what specific responses to negitive sentances to expect back"

"john is able to use basic auxiliary verbs when forming his sentances, this shows he unders­tands there use and is testing them to see how people respond to it. we see this in text N line N"

Tenses and gramma­tical patterns
-30-36 most children have learnt how to use the gramma­tically right tense for regular verbs. They can still mess up on irresgular verbs.

morpho­logical over/u­nde­r-g­ene­ril­sation
-probably best to point out an example, then point out what is and how its typical or atypical for the age
- most frequent at 30 months of age

"John said the word "­eat­ed" instead of "­ate­" this shows he unders­tands how regular verbs are formed, and how to adapt them to new words. This shows he doesnt have enough experince in conjug­ating irreular verbs to remeber them all yet"


The formation of words into sentances.

Sentance types and structures
- "by STAGE, can understand and use sentence TYPE/S­TRU­CTU­RE"
-Compound and Complex sentances 3-5 years
- declar­ative sentence (state­ment) 2 years
- interr­ogative sentence (question) 2-3 years
- imperative sentence (command) 3-4 years
- exclam­ative sentence (excla­mation) any age

subject, object, adverbial
-Can use just Subject, OR subject and object
"the child in text N on line N uses a subject and object within "­typ­e/s­tru­cture sentan­ce" this shows a develo­pment in unders­tading the relati­onship between the two parts"

-use of adverbials show an unders­tanding of neiche and more complex gramma­tical skills


What words and sentances mean.

semantic over genera­lis­iation
-common around month 30

"john calls the picture of a tiger a cat in text N line N. This is an example of overge­ner­ils­ation; since tigers arent common, its likely John doesnt know the word for a tiger, and is improv­isi­ng."­

Other Metala­nguage


might split into own headers

• critical period of language develo­pment

• theories of child language acquis­ition including behavi­ourism, innatism, intera­cti­onism