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Interpersonal Theory Cheat Sheet by

Interpersonal Theory and Sullivan Theories

Main Aspects

Dynamisms: 1. energy transf­orm­ation: any form of behaviour - overt or covert. pattern of behaviour that endures and recurs, like a habit. (inter­per­sonal habits, mistru­sting others) 2. interp­ersonal habits: hostile habitually dynamism of malevo­lence 3. zone: something that connects one thing to another in a network of connec­tions.
Not-me Person­ifi­cation: dissoc­iated cluster of feelings that coexist with the more neutral content of consci­ous­ness.
Sullivan & Piaget: Piaget described an infant world without object perman­ence. out of sight means 'out of existence '. have a magico­-ph­eno­men­alistic causality ; 'if i think it, it will happen'

Tim Leary

interp­ersonal Model have two dimens­ions: love and dominance. Interp­ersonal circle represents the dimens­ions.

Tim Leary Interp­ersonal Theory Circle


Modes of Experience

1.Prot­otaxic - infant world where the world is a stream of sensory experi­ences (not able to impose order or consis­tency). Unable to generalize from one event to another. Serial Sensation: 1st - self-not self fused into one (global causal­ity). 2nd - feelings of self-e­fficacy (own desires are respon­sible; e.g. moms face and food appearing)
2. Parataxic - seeing a causal relati­onship between events that occur at the same time but are not logically related (super­sti­tious behavi­our). Egocen­trism or cognit­ive­-em­otional self - center­edness is dimini­shed.
3. Syntaxic - consen­sually validated symbol activity (words and numbers) logical and analytical thought begins.

Concord Prison Study

Psilocybin reduced group psycho­therapy
6 weeks and 2 doses of psilocybin + peer support of someone that already had the experience
32 prisoners
attempt at reducing recidivism rates: reported 88% learned something of value, 62% changed their lives for the better. (findings may be exagge­rated)
counting rules were questi­onable - leary counted new crimes as 'parole violat­ions'

Marsh Chapel Experiment

random double­-blind study n=20
niacin control placebo
Pahnke 90% success rate with 30mg dose
e.g. mike young felt he had near death experience
questi­onn­aires, descri­ption of experi­ence, follow up 1-month and 6-month, debriefing


Schizo­phrenia (parataxic experi­encing dissoc­iation) dissoc­iated complexes, ideas and feelings split off from consci­ous­ness. Schizo­phrenic processes are on a continuum with normality.
One Genus-­Pos­tulate: we are more similar than different. Have similar processes in dreams to that of schizo­phr­enia.
Nursing Prototype: infant develops a perception of the nipple person. prototype of relati­onships with signif­icant others. psycho­dynamic type of approach, early intera­ctions form the mold
Four types of Nipples: 1. good and satisf­actory (good mother) 2. good but not satisf­actory (good mother; infant is not hungry) 3. wrong nipple (bad mother; infant is hungry but not milk supply) 4. evil-n­ipple (bad-a­nxious mother; mother transmits anxiety to child)
Anxiety: absolute euphoria: total peace, freedom from desire, total well-being . absolute tension: terror or panic. most life experience is between those two. at the core of pathology is interp­ersonal intera­ction. anxiety is a reciprocal relati­onship between mother and infant (empathic resonance)


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