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METABOLIC ALKALOSIS Cheat Sheet by

NORMAL VALUES

pH:
PCO2:
HCO3:
7.35 - 7.45
35 - 45
21 - 28

META­BOLIC ALKALO­SIS

PH:
PCO2:
HCO3:
> 7.45
Normal (35-45)
> 28
 

RISK FACTORS

Ingestion of antacids
GI suction
Hypoka­lemia
TPN
Blood transf­usion
Prolonged vomiting

MANI­FES­TAT­IONS

Dizziness
Parest­hesia
Hypertonic muscles
Decreased respir­ations

INTE­RVE­NTI­ONS

Treat underlying cause
Administer fluids, electr­olytes
               
 

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