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RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS Cheat Sheet by

NORMAL VALUES

pH:
PCO2:
HCO3:
7.35 - 7.45
35 - 45
21 - 28

RESP­IRATORY ALKALO­SIS

pH:
PCO2:
HCO3:
> 7.45
< 35
Normal (21-28)

RISK FACTORS

Hyperv­ent­ilation
Hypoxemia
Altitude sickness
Asphyx­iation
Asthma
Pneumonia
 

MANI­FES­TAT­IONS

Tachypnea
Anxiety
Tetany
Parest­hesia
Palpit­ations
Chest pain

INTE­RVE­NTI­ONS

Regulate oxygen therapy
Reduce anxiety
Use rebrea­thing techniques

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