Show Menu
Cheatography

ASTHMA

Chronic inflam­matory disorder of the airways resulting in interm­ittent and reversible airflow obstru­ction of the bronch­ioles

CONT­RIB­UTING FACTORS

Extr­ins­ic:
Intr­ins­ic:
Older adult clients:
Antige­n-a­ntibody reaction triggered by food, meds, or inhaled substances
Pathop­hys­iol­ogical abnorm­alities within the respir­atory tract
Beta receptors are less responsive to agonist and trigger bronch­ospasm

MANI­FES­TAT­IONS

Sudden, severe dyspnea w/ use of accessory muscles
Sitting up, leaning forward
Diapho­resis
Anxiety
Wheezing
Gasping
Coughing
Cyanosis (late sign)
Barrel chest

DIAG­NOSTIC PROCED­URES

ABGs
Sputum cultures
Pulmonary function tests
 

MEDI­CAT­IONS

BRON­CHO­DIL­ATO­RS:
Short-­acting inhaled: albuterol for rapid relief
Methyl­xan­thines: theoph­ylline
ANTI­-IN­FLA­MMA­TORY:
Cortic­ost­eroids: flutic­asone and prednisone
Leukot­riene antago­nists: montel­ukast
COMB­INATION AGENTS:
Ipratr­opium and albuterol
Flutic­asone and salmeterol
With inhaled agents, administer bronch­odi­lators BEFORE anti-i­nfl­amm­atory med

NURSING INTERV­ENT­IONS

Remain w/ pt during attack
Position pt in high-F­owler's
Monitor lung sounds & pulse oximetry
Administer oxygen therapy
Maintain IV access
Therap­eutic measures: respir­atory treatm­ents, oxygen admini­str­ation

CLIENT EDUCAT­ION

Avoid allergens & triggers
Properly use inhaler and peak flow monitoring
                   

Help Us Go Positive!

We offset our carbon usage with Ecologi. Click the link below to help us!

We offset our carbon footprint via Ecologi
 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets

          More Cheat Sheets by harpieee