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Medical Terminology Chapter 1 Cheat Sheet by

The Language of Medicine Chapter 1

Root Words

Adeno/o
Gland
Arthr/o
Joint
Bi/o/
Life
Carcin/o
Cancer, Cancerous
Cardi/o
Heart
Cephal/o
Head
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum (biggest part of brain)
Cis/o
to cut
Crin/o
to secrete
Cyst/o
Urinary Bladder, sac, cyst
Cyt/o
Cell
Derm/o
Skin
Dermat/o
Skin
Electr/o
Electr­icity
Encephal/o
Brain
Enter/o
Intestines
Erythr/o
Red
Gastr/o
Stomach
Glyc/o
Sugar
Gnos/o
Knowledge
Gynec/o
Woman, Female
Hemat/o
Blood
Hem/o
Blood
Hepat/o
Liver
Iatr/o
Treatment, Physician
Leuk/o
White
Log/o
Study of
Nephr/o
Kidney
Neur/o
Nerve
Onc/o
Tumor (cance­rous)
Opthalm/o
eye
Oste/o
bone
Path/o
disease
Ped/o
Child
Psych/o
Mind
Radi/o
X-rays
Ren/o
Kidney
Rhin/o
Nose
Sarc/o
Flesh
Sect/o
To Cut
Thromb/o
Clot, Clotting
Ur/o
Urinary Tract, Urine
 

Suffixes

-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to, producing, produced by, or produced in
-globin
protein
-gram
record
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflam­mation
-logy
Study of
-oma
tumor, mass swelling
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
condition, abnormal
-pathy
disease condition
-scope
instru­mental to visually examine
-sis
state of condition
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-y
process condition
 

Prefixes

a-, an-
no, not, without
aut-, auto-
self, own
dia-
complete, through
endo-
within
epi
above, upon
Ex-, exo-
out, outside of, outward
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
Surrou­nding, around
Pro-
before, forward
re-
back, backward, again
retro-
behind
sub-
below, under
trans-
across, through
 

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