Show Menu
Cheatography

Insight C1 Oxford Cheat Sheet by

Everything on every unit.

Idioms with hand, skin and bone

all skin and bones
save sb's skin
a bone of contention
in sb's hands
make no bones about
go hand in hand
close at hand
jump out of sb's skin

Describing change

change over time, adjust
evolve, adapt
completely change, become different
transform, reform
change for the better
improve, enhance, progress, alter
change back to a former state
restore, reverse, revert
influence something
determine, shape

Phrases describing change

chop and change
make great strides
pull sb's socks up
back to square one
move the goalposts
turn the corner
turn upside down
go from strength to strength

Belonging and alienation

associ­ation
isolation
loyalty
attachment
rapport
rejection
margin­ali­zation
disaff­ection
exclusion
segreg­ation

Literary devices

person­ifi­cation
repetition
oxymoron
imagery
rhetorical question

Linking words

cause
because of, due to
effect
result in, as a result, conseq­uently, lead to
contrast
while, even though, however
addition
that said, furthe­rmore, in addition

Describing reactions

dazed
distraught
stumped
bewildered
flustered
disori­entated
befuddled
baffled

Conformity and noncon­formity

step up to the mark
go with the flow
bow down to
take the initiative
go against the grain
buck the trend
spur into action
turn a blind eye
follow sb's lead
bury one's head in the sand

Crime and justice

acquit (of)
convict (of)
detain (for)
exonerate (from/of)
implicate (in)
release (on bail)
remand (in custody)

Verb and noun suffixes

absolve
absolution
acquit
acquittal
confess
confession
convict
conviction
defend
defendant
indict
indictment
jeopardize
jeopardy
penalize
penalty
plead
plea
prosecute
prosec­ution
testify
testimony

Adverbs: type and position

sentence adverbs
sadly, incred­ibly, clearly, naturally, luckily
frequency
annually, daily, usually
degree
a bit, relatively
place and time
everyw­here, always, immedi­ately
manner
sadly, incred­ibly, calmly, naturally, dismally
focus
nearly, hardly, only, barely, even
 

Word analysis

foraging for food
self-s­uff­icient
the trappings of success
flat-p­acking
assembly line
ethos
pipe dream
key indicators

Phrases to do with money

live beyond means
struggle to make ends meet
be stripped for cash
fritter away
live on the breadline
povert­y-s­tricken
splash out on
squander

Banking and insurance

standing order
contac­tless card
current account
direct debit
sort code
premium
liability
no-claims bonus
compre­hensive policy
third-­party

Colloc­ations: advert­ising

set up
a display / a company / an advert­ising agency
conduct
market research / a survey / market analysis
launch
a product / an advert­ising campaign / an invest­igation
make
a deal / a loss / a profit
gain
market share / experience / access
boost
sales / profits / produc­tivity
outstrip
supply / rivals / inflation
manipulate
our minds / public opinion / data

Retail

point of sale
mercha­ndise
line
loss leader
outlet
seconds
pop-up
supplier

Describing trends

soar
surge
rocket
escalate
tumble
slump
dip
plummet

Verbs expressing cause and effect

cause
result from, attribute
effect
generate, give rise to, trigger, account for, bring about, perpetuate

Expres­sions with brain

the brains behind
pick the brains (of)
brainwave
brainchild
brainw­ashed
scatte­rbr­ained
brain-­teasers
rack the brains

Lexical twins

accomplish
pull off
conquer
get over
install
put up
recite
reel off
ascertain
find out
conduct
carry out
transmit
pass on
collab­orate
team up
impede
hold up
discern
make out
attribute to
pin on
cease
give up
resolve
clear up
revolu­tionize
turn around

Memory

recall
recollect
remember
memorize
remind
reflect on
reminisce
commem­orate

Adjectives describing intell­igence and ability

receptive
musical
intros­pective
intrap­ersonal
dexterous
bodily kinaes­thetic
observant
natura­listic
discerning
spatial
intuitive
interp­ersonal
methodical
logica­l-m­ath­ema­tical
articulate
linguistic

Abilities and traits

dexterity
dexterous
curiosity
curious
agility
agile
ingenuity
ingenious
diligence
diligent
modesty
modest
aptitude, integrity

Word analysis

brogue
a strong accent
bilious
bad-te­mpered, full of anger
kerbstone
unsoph­ist­icated, without trraining or experience
gutter
the bad social conditions
have a jaw
have a chat

Comparison and contrast

analogy
analogous
contra­diction
contra­dictory
corres­pon­dence
corres­ponding
disparity
disparate
divergence
divergent
homoge­neity
homoge­neous
inerchange
interc­han­geable
varience
variab­le/­varied

Verb patterns

Verb + inf with to
afford, agree, appear, continue, expect, happen, hope, need, plan, prefer, refuse, seem, start
Verb + obj + inf with to
allow, ask, encourage, expect, help, inspire, invite, remind, teach, tell, want
Verb + obj + -ing
avoid, discuss, dislike, enjoy, imagine, prevent, recommend, spend
Verb + obj + prep. + -ing
apologize for, congra­tulate on, consent to, criticize for, insist on, succeed in
Both to + inf and -ing
begin, continue, hate, intend, memorize, prefer, propose, start
Depends on meaning
forget, go on, like, regret, remember, stop, try
Verb + obj + inf
let, make
Perception verbs
feel, hear, notice, see, watch
Verb + -ing
admit, avoid, deny, discuss, dislike, enjoy, finish, imagine, practise, recall, recommend, resent, suggest

Phrases with road, path, track and way

on the right track
come a long way
paths cross
stop dead in one's tracks
lose track of time
smooth the path
the end of the road
on the road
make one's way
further down the road
a long way off
hit the road

Verbs of movement

chug, accele­rate, glide, hurtle, pull up, advance, prowl, creep, stride, stroll

Road traffic accidents

collide
skid
hit head-on
jackknife
shed its load
overshoot
swerve
write off
shatter

Commonly confused adjectives

definite - sure or certain
definitive - the best or most extreme
compulsive - irresi­stibly intere­sting
compulsory - that must be done
historic - important in history
historical - connected with the past
notable - deserving of attention
noticeable - easy to see
alternate - occurring in turn repeatedly
altern­ative - able to be used instead of sth else
technical - relating to the use of machinery
techno­logical - relating to the practical use of scientific discov­eries
economic - connected with money
economical - providing good value for the money spent

Phrases for expressing emphasis

well and truly
ever so
by far
no wonder
for months on end
without doubt

Nouns formed from phrasal verbs

outlook, outcome, downpour, outbreak, upbrin­ging, uprising, backdrop, downfall
run-up, setback, crackdown, hold-up, let-down, washout

Geography

latitude, longitude
prime meridian, the equator
the northern / southern hemisphere
the tropic of Cancer / Capricorn
the Antipodes, the Pacific Rim, the Subcon­tinent

Emphas­izing adjectives

restri­ctive adjectives
chief, exact, foremost, major, sole, specific, only, main, principal
intens­ifying adjectives
absolute, entire, extreme, sheer, total, utter
 

Compound modifiers

all-co­nsuming
work / passion / state
feel-good
movie / story / factor
long-term
objective / prognosis / employment
long-l­asting
battery / effect / relati­onship
rose-t­inted
glasses / lens / view
seven-year
itch / campaign / romance
much-r­esp­ected
idea / person / type of love
hotly disputed
subject / theory / claim

Defining love

euphoria
infatu­ation
obsess­ive­-co­mpu­lsive disorder
devotion
compromise
amity
loyalty
narcissism

Head and heart metaphors

wear one's heart on one's sleeve
have a change of heart
take to heart
don't have the heart to
use your head
level-­headed
keep your head
have an old head on young shoulders

Relati­onships

have a soft spot for sb
wrap sb around your little finger
live in each other's pockets
get on each other's nerves
have sb to lean on
drive a wedge between ppl
be at sb's beck and call
get on like a house on fire

The property market

rent
contract
estate agent
notice
landlord
deposit
letting agent
mortgage
lease
tenant

The language of war

trigger revolts
pledge allegiance
drum up support
betray the cause
rally the troops
sack a town
wage a war
rout the enemy

Colloc­ations - life and fate

decide one's fate
acquire a reputation
hold an appeal
spark a storm
be the making of sb
regain one's status
forge an identity
immerse oneself in sth

Synonyms and antonyms: describing art

intell­ectual
highbrow
lowbrow
elaborate
intricate
primitive
fascin­ating
echanting
repellent
captiv­ating
intriguing
dreary
compre­hen­sible
transp­arent
impene­trable
offensive
provoc­ative
unobtr­usive
peculiar
whimsical
conven­tional
dull
uninsp­iring
evocative

Phrases for doing the right or the wrong thing

hit the nail on the head
be spot on
strike the right note
swallow your words
get off on the wrong foor
fall wide of the mark
back the wrong horse
bark up the wrong tree

Describing art

canvas
brush stroke
theme
medium
genre
motif
palette
silhouette
perspe­ctive
tone

Describing music

surging
soothing
brisk
freneitc
sluggish
raucous
ethereal
lilting
ambling
catchy
jarring
jaunty
mellow
menacing
soppy
thundering

Prefix pairs

overrated
undera­chiever
predate
post-i­ndu­strial, post-war
foreshadow
backdrop
monorail
multif­aceted, multif­arious
pro-de­moc­ratic
anti-S­emitic
subway
supers­tru­cture

Building metaphors

open doors
glass ceiling
by the back door
hit the roof
building block
lay the founda­tions
drive up the wall
come up against a brick wall

Adverb colloc­ations

lavishly decorated
enthus­ias­tically received
brilli­antly conceived
bitterly disapp­ointed
eagerly anticpated
hugely influe­ntial
intensely private
utterly appalled
simply enchanting
profoundly moving
immedi­ately obvious
highly contro­versial

Cities

stand-­alone building
building site
slum tenement
congested thorou­ghfares
urban infras­tru­cture
sewage system
city dwellers

Emphatic adjectives

unprec­edented
scarce
chaotic
impove­rished
squalid
acute
abundant
stark

Problems and solutions

plight
crisis
pitfall
remedy
quick fix
panacea
tackle
alleviate
resolve

Idioms: problems and solutions

have the upper hand
take the bull by its horns
a no-brainer
throw cold water over
fight an uphill battle
a storm in a teacup
up in arms against
fall into the trap

Word analysis

assert
endeavour
commence
inflict
yield
seize
desist
fasten

Big issues

principle - principal
antisocial - unsocial - unsociable
migrant - immigrant - emigrant
illicit - elicit
human - humane

Synonyms: endurance sports

aficionado
devotee
torment
anguish
fortitude
tenacity
depletion
deficiency
handicap
hurdle
fatigue
exhaustion
tranqu­ility
serenity
compulsion
preocc­upation

Quantity phrases with of

pinch of salt
lapse of time
ray of hope
crumb of comfort
wall of silence
grain of truth
torrent of criticism
strip of land

Obsessions

go cold turkey
get your fix
have a weakness for
adventure junkie
kick the habit
a slave to
take a fancy to
live and breathe

Nouns + prepos­itions: addictions

reliance, insist­ence, depend­ence, restri­ction
on
aversion, menace, suscep­tib­ility, addiction
to
confor­mity, fixation, associ­ation, obsession
with

Medical metaphors

endemic (corru­ption / problem / poverty / racism)
ailing (economy / bank / company / business)
agonizing (wait / decision / choice / process)
chronic (shortage / problem / lack / unempl­oyment)
terminal (decline / crisis / damage / decay)
diagnosis
recovery
prognosis

Idioms: sport

across the board
race against time
par for the course
win hands down
a level playing field
neck and neck
in the running
set the pace

Vague language

somewhere around ...
more or less
..., or therea­bouts
something like ...
... or so
...in round numbers
in the region of ...
give or take ...

Colour Idioms

white- / blue- collar worker
get the green light
a golden opport­unity
a grey area
in the red
out of the blue
a purple patch
raise the white flag
red tape
with flying colours

Geometry objects

lines
arc, radius, ray, spiral, tangent
shapes
crescent, ring, ellipse, lozenge, polygon
solids
cone, cube, cylinder, pyramid, sphere

The universe

atmosp­heric
celestial
cosmic
galactic
gravit­ational
lunar
planetary
solar
stellar
terres­trial

Euphemisms

getting on a bit
go down with sth
golden years
hard of hearing
in reduced circum­stances
of advanced years
of limited means
underp­riv­ileged
visually impaired

The workplace

career ladder
holiday entitl­ement
human resources
job applic­ation
pension scheme
recrui­tment agency
redundancy payment
sick leave
the public sector
zero-hours contract

Phrases with end

(be) at your wits' end
light at the end of the tunnel
meet an untimely end
(be) no end (to sth) in sight
on the receiving end of
spell the end for
the beginning of the end
the end is nigh

Word analysis

face
the truth, a choice, the facts
induce
sleep, drowsi­ness, a change
boost
tourism, produc­tivity, the economy
arouse
interest, anxiety, suspicion
exhibit
symptoms, self-c­ontrol, a picture
devote
energy, effort, resources
foster
learning, a sense of community, unreal­istic expect­ations
scrutinize
the small print, the bill, a perfor­mance

Support Cheatography!

 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets

          Spanish Vocabulary Cheat Sheet
          Italian Vocabulary Cheat Sheet
          Beginners Russian Cheat Sheet