Show Menu
Cheatography

Cheat sheet for chemistry test Cheat Sheet by

just grade 10 chemistry and make sure it has 20 characters

First step

IS IT IONIC OR COVALE­NT?

Writ­ing Formulas for Ionic compounds

1. write the symbols in order
2. write in the elements ionic charge
3. drop the charges (+ and - sign)
4. criss-­cross the numbers and make them subscripts
5. reduce the subscr­ipts, if possible. Drop the number 1.

Ionic Compounds

Transfer of electr­ons

covalent compounds

sharing of electr­ons

Ionic Compounds

1. know the formula
2. All the Bohr Diagram Ion rules apply
3. Draw the Ions side by side
Bohr Diagrams

Naming Ionic Compounds

1. The name includes both elements in the formula
2. The name of the metallic element appears first
3. The non-me­tallic element appears second. It's ending changes to IDE
4. If the metallic element has more than one charge (mul­tiv­ale­nt). Then a Roman numeral must be put in to identify which charge is present

Be careful

Double­-check everything

Things to remember

When doing covalent formulas don't look at the ion charges
Remember there are diat­omic molecules, that chemical equation might not actually be balanced
Don't rush through it
Triple check everything
 

Drawing atoms

1. Draw nucleus
2. Draw symbol, proton number, and neutron number in the nucleus
2. Draw electrons around the nucleus
Bohr's model

Cont'd for Ions only

4. Add square brackets
5. Show ion charge (upper right)
Positive ions always have empty valance shells
Negative ions always have full valance shells
Bohr's Diagram

Cont'd for Ions only

4. Add square brackets
5. Show ion charge (upper right)
Positive ions always have empty valance shells
Negative ions always have full valance shells
Bohr's Diagram

covalent compounds

1.show touching valance shells
Bohr's Diagram

Writing Formulas for covalent compounds

1. use the prefixes to determine the subscript for each atoms
NEVER REDUCE THE SUBSCR­IPTS

Balancing Chemical Equations

1. Write the symbols and correct formulas to represent the reactants and products
2. You cannot change the formulas (cannot change the subscr­ipts)
3. Place coeffi­cients in front of the symbols and formulas to change the number of atoms
4. Work from the left to the right of the equation
5. When you are stuck, double up the first compound and solve it from there
 

Drawing atoms

1. Symbol (repre­sents the nucleus)
2. Only draw the valance shell electrons
Lewis Diagrams

Drawing Ions

1. symbol (repre­sents nucleus)
2. Draw valance shell electrons
Empty or full
positive ions-empty
negative ions-full
3. square brackets
4. charge
Lewis Diagrams

Ionic Compounds

1. know the formula
2. all the Lewis diagram Ion rules apply
3. Draw the Ions side by side
Lewis Diagrams

Polyatomic Ions

1. Don't change to ending to IDE
2. In a formula, if the subscript following the symbols is 2 or more, you must put brackets around the polyatomic ion

Naming covalent compounds

1. Use prefixes to identify the number of atoms in a covalent compound
2. prefixes are found on the last page of the data sheet
3. Normally don't use mono on the first atom
4. IDE ending on the second atom

Bohr or Lewis

Make sure to check if it is Bohr's model or Lewis Diagram

Help Us Go Positive!

We offset our carbon usage with Ecologi. Click the link below to help us!

We offset our carbon footprint via Ecologi
 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets