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Cheatography

Acids, Bases and Salts Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Informative

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Acids

Acids+­met­als­→Sa­lt+­Hyd­rogen gas
Metal Carbon­ate­/Metal Hydrog­enc­arb­ona­te+­Aci­d→S­alt­+CO­2+Water
Acid+B­ase­→Sa­lt+­Water
Metal Oxide+­Aci­d→S­alt­+Water

Acid or base in a water solution

When an acid or a base is dissolved in water, they get dissoc­iated into ions.
For example,
When hydroc­hloric acid is dissolved in water, it get dissoc­iated into ions such as protons (H+ ions) and Cl- ions as follows:
HCl + H2O → H3O+ + Cl-
As there is an increase in the protons in the aqueous solutions, the solution is acidic in nature.

Similarly, when NaOH is dissolved in water, it get dissoc­iated as,
NaOH + H2O → Na+ + OH- + H2O
As there is an increase in the hydroxyl ions in the solution, the solution is basic in nature.
Basic aqueous solution is called alkali.
  

How strong are acids and base solutions