Cheat Sheet for Past simple use in English
Past Simple Use
We use the Past SImple for compeleted actions in the past.
Example: He died in 1928.
We use the Past Simple for repeated actions in the past.
Example: She phoned her family every day when she was on holiday.
We use the Past Simple for a series of actions on the past.
Example: We walked along the river, saw some ducks and gave them some bread.
Other ed words
Some adjectives end with ed we need to use the verb TO BE with these.
Example: He was excited to see his friend yesterday.
Negative: He wasn't excited to see his friend yesterday.
Question: Was he excited to see his friend yesterday?
With regular verbs we add 'ed' to the end of the verb.
Example: To look - Looked
If the verb already ends with an 'e' don't add an extra one!
Example To like -
Likeed - Liked
There are 3 ways to pronounce regular verbs. See below:
Negatives and questions
I didn't watch TV yesterday.
Did I watch TV yesterday?
You didn't see me in the meeting.
Did you see me this morning?
He/She/It didn't take a long time to arrive.
Did He/She/It take a long time to arrive?
We didn't climb the mountain last weekend.
Did we climb the mountain last weekend?
They didn't have a dog when they were young.
Did they have a dog when they were young?
With all other verbs we use didn't for negative sentences and did for questions.
The second verb stays in the basic form
Irregular verbs form
Past tense = Past Paticiple
Past form + (e)n
buy bought bought
eat ate eaten
break broke broken
put put put
drink drank drunk
learn learnt/learned leant/learned
It's always better to learn the 3 forms of the irregular verbs at the same time.
Even though there are categories, the best way to learn irregular verbs is by heart!
The verbs ending in ought are pronounced like ORT
We use the verb 'to be' for place and state and feelings.
Place - I was in the park yesterday.
State - She was a nurse 10 years ago.
Feelings - They were happy on holiday.
To be - form
I was in the park yesterday
I wasn't in the park yesterday
Was I in the park yesterday?
You were on holiday last week
You weren't on holiday last week
Were you on holiday last week?
He/She/It was great!
He/She/It wasn't great!
Was it great?
We were sick on the weekend
We weren't sick on the weekend
Were we sick on the weekend?
They were married 5 years ago
They weren't married 5 years ago
Were they married 5 years ago?