Show Menu
Cheatography

Hypocalemia & Hypercalcemia Cheat Sheet by

HYPOCA­LCEMIA: Risk Factors

Hypopa­rat­hyr­oidism
Hypoma­gne­semia
Kidney failure
Vitamin D deficiency
Inadequate intake
GI loss (wound drainage, diarrhea)
Celiac disease
Lactose intole­rance
Chron's disease
Alcohol use disorder

HYPOCA­LCEMIA: Manife­sta­tions

Tetany, cramps
Parest­hesia
Dysrhy­thmias
Trouss­eau's sign
Chvostek's sign
Seizures
Hyperr­eflexia
Impaired clotting time

HYPOCA­LCEMIA: Nursing Interv­entions

Seizure precau­tions
IV calcium replac­ement
Daily calcium supple­ments
Vitamin D therapy
Monitor for orthos­tatic hypote­nsion
Dietary increase and education

HYPOCA­LCEMIA: Notes

IV calcium must be admini­stered slowly and the site monitored for extrav­asa­tion.
It is diluted in D5W, NEVER normal saline.
Calcium has an inverse relati­onship with phosph­orus.
 

HYPERC­ALC­EMIA: Risk Factors

Hyperp­ara­thy­roidism
Malignant disease
Prolonged immobi­liz­ation
Dehydr­ation
Vitamin D excess
Thiazide diuretics
Lithium
Glucoc­ort­icoids
Digoxin toxicity
Overuse of calcium supple­ments
Hypert­hyr­oidism

HYPERC­ALC­EMIA: Manife­sta­tions

Muscle weakness
Hyperc­alc­iur­ia/­kidney stones
Dysrhy­thmias
Lethar­gy/coma
Hypore­flexia
Pathologic fractures
Flank pain
Deep bone pain
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Dehydr­ation
Hypert­ension
Nausea
Vomiting

HYPERC­ALC­EMIA: Nursing Interv­entions

Increase mobility
Medi­cat­ions
Isontonic IV fluids
Furosemide
Dialysis
Calcitonin
Cardiac monitoring
Glucoc­ort­icoids
 
Bispho­sph­onates
 
Calcium chelators

Help Us Go Positive!

We offset our carbon usage with Ecologi. Click the link below to help us!

We offset our carbon footprint via Ecologi
 

Comments

No comments yet. Add yours below!

Add a Comment

Your Comment

Please enter your name.

    Please enter your email address

      Please enter your Comment.

          Related Cheat Sheets

          More Cheat Sheets by harpieee