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SL Spanish Tenses Cheat Sheet by

tenses used in SL Spanish, Present, Subjunctive Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Preterite, Imperfect, Condicional

Present

 
ar
er
ir
yo
o
o
o
tu/el/ella
as
es
es
usted
a
a
a
nosotros
amos
emos
emos
ellos/­ellas
an
an
an

Condit­ional

 
word + (ar/er/ir ending)
yo
ía
tu/el/ella
ías
usted
ía
nosotros
íamos
ellos/­ellas
ían

When to Use

Condit­ional
used to talk about hypoth­etical situations and probab­ilities and to make polite requests Ex: Escribiría unas cartas.
Future
The Spanish simple future is used to talk about what will or shall happen. EX:Llo­rarán al final de esa película.
Imperfect
used to describe past habitual actions or to talk about what someone was doing when they were interr­upted by something else. EX:Todos los sábados las mujeres iban de compras.
Preterito
Generally, the preterite is used for completed actions (actions that have definite beginning and end points.) EX:Fui al baile anoche.
Subjun­ctive Past Perfect
used to talk about hypoth­etical situations in the past, past condit­ionals, and past actions that preceded other past actions. EX:Si hubier­a/h­ubiese sabido, habría venido.
Past Perfect
used to talk about a past action that happened prior to another action in the past. EX:Habías cantado en la fiesta cuando llegué.
 

past perfect

 
haber form
-ar
yo
había
ado
tu/el/ella
habías
-er/-ir
usted
había
ido
nosotros
habíamos
ellos/­ellas
habían

Future

 
word + (ar/er/ir ending)
yo
é
tu/el/ella
ás
usted
á
nosotros
emos
ellos/­ellas
án
 

Subjun­ctive Past Perfect

 
haber form
+past participle
yo
hubiera
ar

Preterito

 
ar
er/ir
yo
é
í
tu/el/ella
aste
iste
usted
ó
nosotros
amos
imos
ellos/­ellas
aron
ieron

Subjun­ctive Past Perfect

 
haber form
+past participle
yo
hubiera
ar
tu
hubieras
ado
usted/­el/ella
hubiera
er/ir
nosotros
hubiéramos
ido
ellos/­ellas
hubieran
 

Imperfect

 
ar
er/ir
yo
aba
ía
tu/el/ella
abas
ías
usted
aba
ía
nosotros
ábamos
íamos
ellos/­ellas
aban
ían

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