After the fall of post classical civilizations
Western Europeans finally get their lives together
The Colombian Exchange
From the Americas
Livestock (cattle, sheep, pig, etc.)
A rebirth of art, science, literature, and thinking
People are claimed as property
Contracts are made
Spaniards were granted a number of natives for labor as long as they were christianized
Note Worthy Individuals
Found the Navigat school
Founder of Protestantism and Luthernism
Author of Don Quixote
Renaissance figure physicist
Inventor of printing press
A quick Summary
STARTING WITH PRINCE HENRY, EUROPEANS ARE GOING TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND BE IN EVERYBODY's BUSINESS.
THIS IS GOING TO MAKE THEM INCREDIBLY WEALTHY AND BUILD THEM HUGE EMPIRES.
ALONG WITH THIS, COMES DISEASE, SLAVERY, and HORRIBLE CONDITIONS FOR NATIVE AMERICANS.
THERE ARE ALSO HUGE LAND EMPIRES FROM THE OTTOMANS AND RUSSIANS OVER TO THE CHINESE.
THE COLOMBIAN EXCHANGE IS ARGUABLY THE MOST IMPORTANT THING EVER
Impacts of Columbian Exchange
European colonization of the Americas led to the spread of diseases— including smallpox, measles, and influenza — that were endemic in the Eastern Hemisphere among Amerindian populations and the unintentional transfer of disease vectors, including mosquitoes and rats.
American foods (potatoes, maize, manioc) became staple crops in various parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Cash crops (sugar, tobacco) were grown primarily on plantations with coerced labor and were exported mostly to Europe and the Middle East in this period.
Afro-Eurasian fruit trees, grains, sugar, and domesticated animals (horses, cattle, pigs) were brought by Europeans to the Americas, while other foods were brought by African slaves (okra, rice)
Populations in Afro-Eurasia benefited nutritionally from the increased diversity of American food crops.
European colonization and the introduction of European agriculture and settlements practices in the Americas often affected the physical environment through deforestation and soil depletion.
Note Worthy People
Peter the Great
Tsar of all the Russias
Globalizing Networks of Communcation
Technological innovations made interconnection of the East and West hemispheres possible
Trade networks facilitated spread of religion, and cultures
European technological developments in cartography and navigation built on previous knowledge developed in the Classical, Islamic, and Asian worlds.
The new global circulation of goods was facilitated by royal chartered European monopoly companies and the flow of silver from the Spanish colonies in the Amerias to purchase Asian goods for the Atlantic markets. Regional markets continued to flourish in Afro-Eurasia by using established commercial practices and new transoceanic shipping services developed by European Merchants
Note Worthy Individuals
Founder of Mali Empire
1st guru of Sikhism
Spanish navigator and killer of native Americans
Author of Journey West