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Vimtutor Cheat Sheet by

the summary of vimtutor

Lesson 1

h j k l
cursor move either the arrow or hjkl keys
vim FILENAME <ENTER>
To start Vim from shell
<ESC> :q! <ENTER>
<ESC> :wq <ENTER>
to trash all changes.
to save the changes.
x
To delete the character at the cursor
i
INSERT MODE before the cursor
A
INSERT MODE after the line

Lesson 2

dw
del from the cursor to the next word
d$
del from the cursor to the end of line
dd
del whole line
2w
repeat the motion with a number
operator [number] motion
operator
[number]
motion
where:
- is what to do d
- [optional] repeat motion 2
- move to the text to operate 2w
0
move to the start of the line
u
U
Ctrl -R
To undo previus action
To undo all the actions on a line
To undo the undo's

Lesson 3

p
put the deleted text AFTER the cursor
r [char]
replace the character under the cursor
c
change from the cursor where the motion take you. Eg. c$ ce cw
c [number] motion
it is the format for changing
 

Lesson 4

CTRL-G
G
number G
gg
show your location and the file status
move to the end of the file
move to that line number
go to the first line
/foo <ENTER>
?foo <ENTER>
n
N
CTRL-O
CTRL-I
search foo FORW­ARD of the phrase
search foo BACK­WARD of the phrase
find the next occurrence
find the prev­ious occurrence
Takes you to the PREV­IOUS position
Takes you to the NEWER position
%
type it on ( , ) , [ , ] , { or } and goes to its match
:s/old/new
:s/old/new/g
:#,#s/old/new/g
:%s/old/new/g
:%s/old/new/gc
substitude first old for new
substitude all old for ǹew in the line
substitude all matchs between the lines #
substitude all matchs in the file
to check each time add c

Lesson 5

:!command
execute an external command
Eg. win: !dir or in Unix: !ls
:w FILENAME
write the current VIM file to the disk with the name FILENAME
v motion :w FILENAME
saves visually selected lines in the file FILEN­AME.
:r FILENAME
retrives disk file FILENAME and puts belong cursor position
:r !command
reads the output command and puts belong the cursor Eg. win: !dir or in Unix: !ls
 

Lesson 6

o

O
insert a line BELOW the cursor and start INSERT MODE.
Open a line ABOVE the cursor
a
A
insert text after the cursor
insert text after the end of the line
e
move to the end of a word
y
copy the text and p paste it
R
Enter in REPLACE MODE until <E­SC> is pressed
:set foo

ic
or ignorecase
is
or insearch
hls
or hlsearch
sets the option foo
Eg. :set ic
ignore upper/­lower case when seaching
show partial matches for a search phrase
highlight all matching phrases.
:set nofoo
preset no to switch an option off
Eg. :set noic

Lesson 7

<HELP KEY>
<F1>
:help <ENTER>
Vim has a compre­hensive on-line help system. To get started, try one of these three
:help cmd
to find help on cmd
CTRL-W CTRL-W
to jump to another window
:q
to close help window
~/.vmrc
a startup script to keep your preferred settings.
:cmd CTRL-d
:cmd <TAB>
to see possible comple­tions,
to autoco­mplete
       
 

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