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operant conditioning Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

skinners theory of operant conditioning - child and dev

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Respondent behaviours

occurs automa­tically and is a reflex, such as pulling your hand away from a hot stove
These behaviours don't have to be learned as they occur automa­tically

Operant behaviours

this type of behaviour is something that is contro­ can occur impuls­ively or purposely but the conseq­uences of the action will influence whether it is repeated again.

Positive reinfo­rcement

receiving a reward for behaving in a certain way / doing something good
example - training a dog to sit by giving him a treat when he sits

Negative reinfo­rcement

rewarding good behaviour by removing a negative stimulus
example- child learns to tidy their room to avoid making their parents mad

Positive punishment

punishing bad behaviour by adding a negative stimulus (such as shouting)
example - police gives a driver a fine for speeding

Negative punishment

punishing bad behaviour by removing a positive stimulus
childs phone is taken away for bad behaviour