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Psyc Mid.Childhood - Physical Development Cheat Sheet by

Physical Development in Mid childhood

Growth Patterns

Growth continues at a slow and regular pace. ~children will grow 2-3 inches in height and 5lbs each year
lowest portion of the body grows the fastest > go through shoes and pants fast
girls begin to have more fat, whereas, boys begins to have more muscle
Secular Trends: changes in body size from one gen. to the next (ex: kid is taller than mom and grandma)
 

Brain Develo­pment

weight increases by only 10% (90% adult weight by adoles­cents)
white matter - consists of myelinated nerve fibres, increases steadily > especially in the prefrontal cortex, parietal lobes, & corpus callosum.
Prefrontal Cortex - becomes more effective so do nerve fibres (respo­nsible for consci­ous­ness, impulse control, strategic thinking)
gray matter, consists of neurons and supportive material, peaks in mid-ch­ild­hood, then declines because of pruning
connec­tions become more elaborate
 

Play

Learning is not only through school
Kids, as they are develo­ping, need to move around, play, socialize, and even get hurt to learn about the world and enviro­nment
PLAY <=> Learning
 

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