Physical Development in Mid childhood
Growth continues at a slow and regular pace. ~children will grow 2-3 inches in height and 5lbs each year
lowest portion of the body grows the fastest > go through shoes and pants fast
girls begin to have more fat, whereas, boys begins to have more muscle
Secular Trends: changes in body size from one gen. to the next (ex: kid is taller than mom and grandma)
weight increases by only 10% (90% adult weight by adolescents)
white matter - consists of myelinated nerve fibres, increases steadily > especially in the prefrontal cortex, parietal lobes, & corpus callosum.
Prefrontal Cortex - becomes more effective so do nerve fibres (responsible for consciousness, impulse control, strategic thinking)
gray matter, consists of neurons and supportive material, peaks in mid-childhood, then declines because of pruning
connections become more elaborate
Learning is not only through school
Kids, as they are developing, need to move around, play, socialize, and even get hurt to learn about the world and environment
PLAY <=> Learning
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