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IB Geography (HL 3) Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

IB Geography HL Topic 3 - Global Risks and Resilience

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Key Terms

Key Terms
the process of sourcing ideas, services, funding or content from the public in order to maximise the benefit of a large group's collective assets
criminal activity using the intern­et/­com­put­ers­/co­mputing
Cyber security:
the protection of inform­ation systems, hardware and software from theft or damage
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
the influence of physical and human geography on politics and intern­ational relations
Profit Repatr­iation:
the return of a company's foreig­n-e­arned profits or financial assets to that company's home country
the relocation to the home country of a business's or company's operations that were overseas
the ability of indivi­duals, commun­ities or enviro­nments to respond to shocks and changes while continuing to operate and/or improve under the new circum­stances
3D Printing:
the creation of a physical object from a digital model by laying down a sequence of layers, also known as additive manufa­cturing

Case Studies

Case Studies
Social Civil Society:
Oxfam - intern­ational charity focused to alleviate global poverty. Founded in Oxford in 1942. Develops support to lift people out of poverty. However, there are allega­tions that Oxfam is politi­cally motivated as it has a operate style internal structure, trustees are tax avoiders, stores have forced closure of smaller stores and other charities
Enviro­nmental Civil Society:
WWF - NGO founded in 1961, aiming to preserve wilderness areas and species inhabiting them, and reducing human impact on enviro­nment. Now has projects in more than 100 countries. Uses funding from the WB and USAID, 8% is from TNCs - need money to carry out missions revolving around buying land, paying guardians of wildlife refuges, education, sending experts to danger spots and training
Geopol­itical Tensions:
Kenya - Kenya has British and Europe­an-owed flower companies growing vast quantities of flowers and vegetables for export, leaving Kenyan small-­scale farmers with limited water from Kenya's water source, Ngrio river. Water authority, regional bodies, human rights and develo­pment groups have accused flower companies of "­ste­ali­ng" water from locals. According to the head of water authority, these companies are using 25% of the water, equivalent of 100000 small farms. 90% of flowers are water and exporting these flowers are exporting Kenyan water through embedded water. Kenya is one of the driest places in the world and Europe is one of the wettest
Mexico - Maquil­adora operations are foreign owned but employ locally. Mexico has attracted many US owned companies due to low wages, relaxed enviro­nmental legisl­ation and good access to US markets which has increased Mexico's develo­pment. Illegal dumping in Mexico is common, leading to increased air and water pollution, despite this Mexicans are in favour of Maquil­adoras as they bring employment to Northern Mexico