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chinese - locations Cheat Sheet by

Directions, positions, everyday places...

Directions

English
Pronun­ciation
Writing
North
běi
South
nán
East
dōng
West
西
Front
qián
Forwar­d/Ahead
xiàng qián
向前
Behind
hòu
Back
hòu mian
后面
Left
zuǒ
Right
yòu
On
shàng
Under
xià
In
Inside
lǐ miàn
里面
Out
wài
Outside
wài miàn
外面
Beside­/Next to
páng biān
旁边
Opposi­te/­Across
duì miàn
对面
In the middle
zhōng jiān
中间
The bank East of the school
yínháng zài xuéxiào dōngbian
银行在学校东边
There are many students in the classroom
Jiàoshì lǐbian yǒu hěnduō xuéshēng
教室里边有很多学生
Behind the teacher
lǎoshī (de) hòubian
老师(的)后边
Outside the car
chē (de) wàibian
车(的)外边
- Direction words such as 东/西/南/­北/前/后 /左/右/上­/下/里/外 are generally used in conjun­ction with suffixes such as 边 (bian) or 面 (miàn). Together they form a location word (place word),
- Direction words such as 东/西/南/­北/前/后 /左/右/上­/下/里/外 can take both 边 (bian) or 面 (miàn) while 旁 takes only 边 , 对 only takes 面 and 间 goes only with 中.

Everyday places

English
Pronun­ciation
Writing
Home
jiā
Office
bàn gōng
办公
Superm­arket
chāo shì
超市
Shopping mall
shāng chéng
商城
Gym
jiàn shēn fáng
健身房
Park
gōng yuán
公园
School
shàng xué
上学
Restaurant
fàn guǎn
饭馆
Toilets
cè suǒ
厕所
Airport
fēi jī chǎng
飞机场
Hospital
yī yuàn
医院
 

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