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PM Linux Command Cheat Sheet by

Useful Linux Commands for Webdevelopers

Directory / Files

cd Direct­­or­yname
Change Directory
List Items in Current Directory
ls -lha
List Items with extra Info in Current Directory
mkdir Direct­­or­yname
Make Directory in Current Directory
mv Filename (new Location or Filename)
Move or Rename File or Folder
mv -R Filename (new Location or Filename)
Move or Rename File or Folder including subdir­­ec­torys
cp Filename (Copied Filename)
Copy an File
cp -R Direct­­or­yname (Copied Direct­­or­y­name)
Copy an Directory


tar -czvf Backup­­nam­e.tgz .
Backup complete Content from Current Directory
tar -czvf --ex­c­lu­­de=­­"­E­xcl­­ud­e­Dat­a­" Backup­­nam­e.tgz .
Backup Content from Current Directory with Excludes
tar -xzvf Backup­­nam­e.tgz
Extract Backup in Current Directory
mysq­ldump -u User -p­Pas­sword DBName -h Host > Backup­­nam­e.sql
Backu­­p/E­­xport Database to Current Directory
mysql -u User -p­Pas­sword DBName -h Host < Backup­­nam­e.sql
Import Backup from Current Directory to Database

Shared SSH Window

User1: screen -l
to start screen
User2: screen -ls
to check wich screens we have
User2: screen -x
to connect
With this technique you can work together without screen­share via Putty, etc. and both people can actively do something

VI / VIM Editor

vim Filename
creat­­e/edit File
vi Filename
creat­­e/edit File
In Editor Command Mode
To Save the File
To Close the Editor
:wq or :x
To Save and Close the Editor
? Word
To Search in the File
Press i
To switch to Insert Mode
In Editor Insert Mode
Press ESC
To exit the Insert Mode and go to Command Mode
Impo­rtant Don't use Stuff like CTRL + S this will crash Putty

Expert User Stuff

grep -rnw -e "­S­ear­­ch­w­ord­" *
Search in Current Directory
scp -C ssh-us­­er­n­ame­s­sh-­­hos­t­:­/pa­t­h/­­to/file .
Download File over SSH from an Server
wget url
Download File over http/h­­ttps
alias new-co­­mm­a­n­dn­­ame­­=­­"­­C­­omm­­an­d­"
Create an Alias for the Current Session
Clears the Terminal
Shows the History of Commands
ctrl + r
to search in the History
Impo­rtant If you want an Alias working every time you loging in you need to add it in the .bas­hrc file

Varnish Related Stuff

Show a histogram chart of the last 1,000 requests
See what Varnish is currently processing
Show various inform­ation about varnish
netstat -tulpn | grep LISTEN
Shows you all LISTEN Ports with the Service


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