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Feedback and Techniques Cheat Sheet by


Feedback could be defined as letting learners know how they have performed in certain activities or overall the course.

There are four types of feedback:

Praise: Motivate the student, create positive atmosp­here.
Correc­tion: Target language and helpful correct to motivate students
Advice and Encour­agement: What can studens do to help themse­lves?
Evalua­tion/ assess­ment: How can students measure their success?




1.- Ask-Te­ll-Ask:

- Ask learners for self-a­sse­ssment.
- Tell them the behavi­our­/pe­rfo­rmance you observe and how it differs from what you expect.
- Ask learners what they think they could improve and what actions they can take.

2.- Sandwich:

- Praise for their strengths and areas of good perfor­mance.
- Tell them the behavi­our­/pe­rfo­rmance you observe and how it differs from what you expect.
- Praise their ability to adapt and modify and use example where they have adapted and modified behaviour in the past succes­fully.

3.- Bridge:

Connecting concepts together from past to future.
Focusing on:

- Past positive behavi­our­/pe­rfo­rmance.
- Present observed behavi­our­/pe­rfo­rmance.
- Future behavi­our­/pe­rfo­rmance expected.


How can I provide positive feedback?
Provide inform­ation to students about their competence or the value of their accomp­lis­hments. Remember to point out what they did better more than what they did worse.
Should I correct my students when making mistakes?
Yes, but we need to be careful not to do too much correc­tion. Correct only what you believe can get students in trouble or embarr­asa­ment.
What can students do to help themse­lves?
Watch movies in the target languages (no subtit­les), read, listen to music, join a study group.
How can students measure their success?
By having real exposure to the language; perhaps you are able to bring a native­-sp­eaker to the classroom to interact with your students, or have a conver­sation with them where they can realize how much the conver­sation can last.


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