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Japan Venture Capital Cheat Sheet by

Creating this cheat sheet for a fast and easy reference for some of the important details to remember when creating portfolio companies and deals.

Venture Capital Deal Types

Angel
An initial stage of funding provided by angel investors, typically friends, relatives or individual entrep­ren­eurs.
Seed
The first stage of venture capital financing by a profes­sional VC firm, typically a small investment in a very early-­stage company that has usually not yet establ­ished commercial operat­ions.
Series A
Series A Preferred Stock leads on from the Angel/Seed Stages, and is the first signif­icant round of venture funding where Series A preferred stock is offered by a portfolio company to the venture capita­list. Series A preferred stock is conver­tible into common stock in certain cases such as an IPO or the sale of the company.
Series B, Series C, and onwards
A mid-stage second round of financing provided by venture capita­lists, typically once a company has accomp­lished certain milestones in developing its business. Successive rounds are then termed Series C, Series D and so forth, each offering preferred stock and typically once a company has accomp­lished milestones set out.
Growth Capita­l/E­xpa­nsion
A later-­stage venture capital round in companies that are looking for capital to expand or restru­cture operat­ions, enter new markets or finance a signif­icant acquis­ition without a change of control of the business.
Pre-IPO
An investment into a company that is set to complete its IPO in the near future, often at a discounted price relative to expected IPO pricing amount.
Venture Debt
A type of debt financing provided to ventur­e-b­acked companies by a specia­lized financier to fund working capital or capital expenses. Venture debt providers combine their loans with warrants or rights to purchase equity, to compensate for the higher risk of lending.
Unspec­ified Round
A venture financing round where the stage/­series has not been disclosed.
Add-on
When a ventur­e-b­acked company acquires another smaller company, or the assets of another company. This is typically to consol­idate their market position, or acquire propri­etary techno­logies from compet­itors, and often involves acquiring smaller rivals.
PIPE
(Private Investment in Public Equity) An investment made by a VC firm into a public company, which remains public post-i­nve­stment.
Secondary Stock Purchase
Where part or all of an investor's stake in a VC-backed company is acquired directly from a shareh­old­er/­inv­estor, rather than purchasing stock from the company.
Grant
An award of financial assist­ance, typically by a govern­ment, to an eligible grantee with no expect­ation that the funds will be paid back. This can be determined by the type of investor – private equity firms should not be tagged in grant financ­ings.
Merger
Where a VC-backed company merges with another company to form a new entity.

Is this trackable as a VC deal?

Unspec­ified round + PE firm
Track
Unspec­ified round + LP
Track
Unspec­ified round + Normal Company investor
Not Track
PE firm + Series A
Track
Series A + LP
Track
Series A+ Normal Company investor
Track
Series A + unspec­ified investor
Track
Individual angel investors
Track, Low priority
Accele­rat­or/­inc­ubator programme
Not Track
 

Venture Capital Exits

IPO
(Initial Public Offering) A company is listed on the stock exchange. Otherwise known as a flotation.
Sale to GP
A VC-backed company is sold to another private equity­/ve­nture capital firm.
Sale to Management
The management of the portfolio company buy it from the venture capital firm.
Trade Sale
The company is sold to another company.
Write Off
The portfolio company discon­tinues operations and goes into liquid­ation, with the result that the PE firm no longer has a stake in an operating entity. Equivalent to Chapter 7 in US bankruptcy law.
Restru­cturing
A company restru­ctures its debt, often leading to the investors ceding control of the company to the debt providers. Equivalent to Chapter 11 in US bankruptcy law.
Private Placement
VC firm sells shares in a public portfolio company.
Recapi­tal­isation
VC firm sells a stake in the portfolio company to another company as part of a merger of operat­ions.

VC Funding Rounds Termin­ology

エンジェルラ­ウンド­・エン­ジェルシリーズ
Angel Stage
シードラウンド
Seed Round
シリーズA/­B/C...H ラウンド
Series A/B/C...H
プレシリーズA
Pre-series A
成長支援・資­金・グロース
Growth /Expansion
プレIPO
Pre-IPO
補助金・助成金
Grant
融資・ローン ・借入・新株予約権 ・J-KIS­S型新­株予約権発行
Venture Debt
合併・経営統借入
Merger

Useful Links for VC Deals

VC Deal Descri­ptions
link
Venture Capital Deals Japan Powerpoint
link
Japanese and English Glossary
link
Deals Acceptance Criteria - 21 Apr 2023
link
Venture Capital Inclusion Criteria
link
New Rulings Docume­ntation
link

Is this Trackable as a VC deal?

Unspec­ified round + PE firm
Track
Unspec­ified round + LP
Track
Unspec­ified round + normal company
Track
Series A+ PE firm
Track
Series A + LP
Track
Series A+ corporate
Track
 

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