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Web Accessibility Resources Cheat Sheet by

An introduction to basic terminology and concepts of Web Accessibility.

Organi­zations - Regulatory

United States Access Board
Chief Inform­ation Officer Council is an organi­zation of CIO's from all major US branches and agencies from the Department of Defense to the Department of Education.
CIO Council Access Committee
W3C's Web Access­ibility Initiative

Organi­zations - Advocacy

The U.S. Equal Employment Opport­unity Commission protects against discri­min­ation during hiring and in the workplace.
Additional Organi­zations
These organi­zations are most often associated with web access­ibility litigation and awareness education. For inform­ation on other organi­zat­ions, check the links under Additional Organi­zations above.
For more inform­ation on case history visit Karl Grove's List of Web Access­ibility Related Litigation and Settle­ments

Web Resources - Standards

WCAG 2.0
DSGWG's Keyboard Shortcut Recomm­end­ation

Web Resources - WCAG 2.0 Checklists

Intera­ctive WCAG 2.0 by Vijet lists both W3C and WebAIM recomm­end­ations in the same simple interface.
WebAIM's WCAG 2.0 Checklist for HTML documents
WCAG 2.0 Checklist by Paul J Adam
WAI-AR­IA-­Che­atsheet is a list of ARIA roles and attrib­utes.
ARIA Cheatsheet by Abhinay Rathore is automa­tically update from W3's site.
WCAG 2.0 map by Stamford Intera­ctive Resources

Web Resources - Blogs and News

Digital A11Y - Web Access­ibility Blog
Disability Scoop - The Premier Source for Develo­pmental Disability New
WebAIM's Blog - Web Access­ibility Blog

Web Resources - Testing

WebAIM's WAVE is a web access­ibility evaluation tool.
AChecker can verify access­ibility of a website, webpage, or code block.
aViewer (Acces­sib­ility Viewer) is a tool for Windows that displays the access­ibility API inform­ation (MSAA, IAcces­sible2, UI Automa­tion, ARIA, HTML DOM) exposed by web browsers to the operating system, and thus to any assistive technology (AT) such as screen­rea­ders.
tota11y is an access­ibility visual­ization toolkit.
aXe is a JavaScript access­ibility automated testing engine
Automated Access­ibility Testing Tool is a JavaScript access­ibility automated testing engine
Functional Access­ibility Evaluator (FAE) evaluates a website or a single web page based on the WCAG 2.0 Level A and AA requir­ements.
AccessLint integrates with GitHub to test code as it's uploaded to GitHub.
Access­Lint.js is a JavaScript access­ibility automated testing engine

Web Resources - Example Code

OpenAjax Alliance Access­ibility - WCAG demons­trated through example code using Ajax and ARIA
SitePo­int's Intro to WAI-ARIA

Web Resources - Design

Colors­ aims to empower designers with beautiful and accessible color palettes based on WCAG Guidelines of text and background contrast ratios.
A11y Color Palette allows you to provide a palette of colors and get list of compatible colors.
Access­ibility Color Wheel allows you to use a color wheel to compare color contrast.'s Colour Contrast Check allows you to compare 2 colors.
NCSU's Color Palette Access­ibility Evaluator allows you to create a palette of colors and compare their compli­ance.
HTML Writers Guild's AWARE's Color Lab allows you to simulate the experience a user with color blindness will have with different color palettes.
Vischeck allows you to upload an image and see how it may be viewed by a user with color blindness.

Assistive Techno­logy- Screen Reader

NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) is a free screen reader which enables blind and vision impaired people to use computers.
Freedo­mSc­ien­tific JAWS (Job Access With Speech) is a commercial screen reader that allows blind and visually impaired users to read the screen either with a text-t­o-s­peech output or by a refres­hable Braille display.
AI Squared's Window­s-Eyes is a commercial screen reader which can be registered for free if you have Microsoft Office.
Apple's VoiceOver is the default option available on Mac, iPhone, and iPod devices.

Assistive Technology - Low Vision

Freedo­mSc­ien­tific's MAGic
AI Squared's ZoomText


Opening Double Quotation
Closing Double Quotation
En Dash, used for ranges
Em Dash, used for change of thought
Horizontal Ellipsis, used to indicate an omission or a pause
These are the most important characters per WAI's recomm­end­ation. For more Unicode charac­ters, check Wikipe­dia's List of Unicode characters or W3School's Charsets Reference.

Math Access­ibility

Access­ibility Confer­ences


Certified Profes­sional in Access­ibility Core Compet­encies (CPACC)
ADA Coordi­nator Training Certif­ication Program (ACTCP)

Document Access­ibility

University of Illinois Spring­field - Online Teaching & Technology Blog - Access­ibility - Cheat Sheets for Word, Excel, PowerP­oint, PDF and HTML
WebAim's Guides for Word, PowerPoint, PDF, and more

Consti­tuent Groups




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