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Sociology Unit 2 - Age by

Types of Age

Chrono­logical Age
This refers to the amount of time in years that someone has been alive. This is used for mainly legal purposes.
Biological Age
This is linked to chrono­logical age, as people for instance experience grey hair later in life. However, it varies a lot when this happens, as some people can be very old and get grey hair while others can be very youing.
Social Age
This is interested in the way that age is seen in society, for instance a 70-yea­r-old is not expected to play with children's toys.


In the Past
The definition of a child has varied over time. For example, in the Middle Ages, children were considered "­min­iature adults­" from the age of 7 and were expected to work.
In the 19th century, child labour was the norm among the working class.
In Other Cultures
Many societies consider childhood ending after a specific rite of passage rather than an age. This may be an elaborate ritual in some parts of the world.


Life Expectancy
There are more adults and older people than there used to be. This may be because of:
    - Better healthcare
    - Better access to healthcare
    - Better general health knowledge

In the future, it is expected that there will be many more older people.
In Britain, getting old is often seen as being a negative thing, or something to be avoided.


This is a recent develo­pment, only becoming recognized as a distinct subculture until the 1950s or so.
This may be due to:
    - Affluence. With a multitude of jobs and a lot of disposable income, the youth could spend their wages on leisure.
    - New Industries. New things developed to encourage the youth to spend money, such as pop music, rock and roll and discos.
    - Education. Compulsory education meant that more young people spent more time with people their own age.
Youth Culture
The develo­pment of youth culture into subcul­tures such as Mods, Rockers, Skinheads and Punks led to a generation gap develo­ping.


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