Hydrotherapy - Physical Therapy
Physical Properties of Water
1.High specific heat
Types of Hydrotherapy
A whirlpool may be used by your physical therapist to help improve circulation, mobility, and comfort after an injury or after surgery. The typical goals of whirlpool use in the physical therapy clinic include:
Promote wound healing
Decrease muscle spasm
Whitehall manufactures rectangular full immersion whirlpools as well as Hubbard tanks. Hubbard Tanks feature a signature contoured figure-eight shape that allow medical staff easier access to patients while providing full immersion to the patient. In this device, victims of joint injuries, paralysis, arthritis, and other ailments are effectively treated. The warmth of the water relaxes muscle spasms.
Aquatic / Pool therapy
Aquatic therapy, or pool therapy, consists of an exercise program that is performed in the water. It is a beneficial form of therapy that is useful for a variety of medical conditions. Aquatic therapy uses the physical properties of water to assist in patient healing and exercise performance.
Non Immersion Methods
These are some of the non-immersion tools used:
1. Saline Squeeze Bottle.
2. Piston Irrigation Syringe.
3. Water Pik.
Physiological Effects of Hydrotherapy
• Water can be used as a cleanser.
• Water is most commonly used as cleansing agent for skin.
• Hydrating effects and friction of water used to soften and remove debris.
• Water is used clinically both as wound exudate or necrotic tissue, and as a cleanser to remove exogenous waste.
• The buoyancy of water unloads the weight bearing of anatomical structures and allow patients to perform exercise with less trauma and pain.
• Buoyancy effect can help patients with; decrease weight bearing (arthritis), increase blood flow to the muscles, muscle strengthening, ligamentous instability, other degenerative or traumatic conditions.
• The cardiovascular benefits of hydrotherapy are primarily due to the effects of hydrostatic pressure.
• Increase venous circulation.
• Increase cardiac volume.
• Increase cardiac output.
• Immersion of the whole body in water increases the work of breathing.
• Hydrostatic Pressure on the chest wall increases the resistance to lungs expansion.
• Water based exercise is also often recommended for patients with EXERCISE INDUCED ASTHMA because it appears that high humidity of the air inspired during water exercise, which prevents drying and cooling of the respiratory mucosa.
• Water immersion can be relaxing.
• The variation in the psychological effects depends primarily in the temperature of water.
• Increase sodium and potassium excretion.
• Increase urine production.
• May be used to treat the patient with hypertension and peripheral edema.
Contraindication - Local Immersion
Maceration around a wound.
When there is bleeding.
Impaired thermal sensation.
Infection is present.
Areas of recent skin graft.
Contraindication - Full body immersion
Bowel or bladder incontinence.
Hydrotherapy - Physical Therapy Cheat Sheet by HareemArshad
Cheat sheet about Hydrotherapy by Hareem Arshad