Displays a list of commonly used node commands, starting with all the sysop-defined applications first, then followed by the standard ones.
Get exclusive control of the port before connecting (for a single user, such as WINMOR or Pactor ports).
[sysop defined] Usual command to access the BBS and Mail system, but could be anything else defined by the sysop.
Bye or Quit
Disconnect from Node
[sysop defined] Usual command to access the Chat system, but could be anything else defined by the sysop.
Initiates a connection to another node, or to a normal AX.25 user.
C P CALL|ALIAS [via digi1 [digi2...]] [S]
P is the port number if you have more than 1
S for STAY to remain connected to the currrent node, when the connection to the next one is closed
The system will make an L4 (NETROM) connect to a call that is in your NODES table.
You can force a level 2 connect by specifying a port number and preceding the call with a !
Sends a beacon to address CQ.
Can only be used in LISTEN mode and only if LISTENing on one port.
Sets the Idle session timeout for this session.
Display information about this Node from the text from the config file
Displays or sets the Level 4 timeout used for the current session. Sets the Level 4 (Netrom) retry timer for this session
Lists the currently active AX.25 Sessions
S is the link state: 2=connecting, 4=disconnecting, 5=connected.
P is the port.
T is the link type: 1=Uplink, 2=Downlink, 3=Node-Node link.
V is the AX.25 Version (1 or 2).
Enters Listen mode on the specified port(s).
LIS P1... Pn
P port numbers
While in Listen mode you can't connect to other stations, and if someone calls you Listen is cancelled.
Type LISTEN OFF to exit listen mode.
Lists stations heard recently on the specified port.
MHEARD P [CALL]
P port number
Output can be filtered with a partial callsign, eg MH 2 G8
There are three variants:
MHV which lists in a more structured (verbose) way
MHU and MHL which display timestamps in clock time (UTC or Local) instead of the default of time since last heard.
Lists all the other NETROM/THENET/BPQ Nodes known to your node.
By entering NODECALL or NODEALIAS you can list the routes that the system will use to access that node
The information after the callsign are only shown if some frames have been send to that node.
RTT stands for Round Trip Time, and is a rolling average of the time taken to get a response from that node (in seconds).
FR means Frames, the number of info frames sent to the node.
B if present, indicates the target is a BPQ node, and the number following the B is the number of hops to the target.
Up to 3 possible routes to the node are listed.
1st number displayed is the quality, the relative desirability of using this route rather than another.
2nd number is the obsolesance count, an indication of how long it is since the system was last told about (or successfully used) this route. The number starts at a value set in the config file (typically 5) and is decremented each time a NODES broadcast is sent (typically evey hour).
3rd number is the port.
> indicates the currently active route.
T The Round Trip Times and frame counts for all nodes with a non-zero count.
Sends a Netrom Record Route message to the specified node. If the node is reachable and supports NRR, a message will be displayed showing the path that the message took to the target node and back.
Displays and sets the PACLEN value used for messages generated by the node (eg command responses).
Lists available ports and shows the frequency and baud rate used as defined in the configurarion file.
Used by the Rig Control Interface.
Lists the stations which this node can hear.
> indicates that there is an active link to the node.
1st number is the port.
Call remote station call
2nd number is the quality, This may be derived from the 'default quality' parameter in the PORTS section of the config file, or may be specified explicitly in the ROUTES section. A value of zero will prevent the route from being used, and is normally used when you have a one-way or marginal path.
3rd number is is the number of NODES list entries which refer to this route. This isn't used by the software, it is just information for the user. .
! indicates a locked route, one entered in the CONFIG file or via SYSOPH. Other entries come and go as this node hears NODES broadcasts.
Additional information may be obtained by entering r r
The fields are:
* Info frames sent
* Info frames retransmitted
* Retry Rate: the ratio of the above 2, as a percentage (or * if both are zero)
* Non-standard maxframe (from Config file)
* Non-standard frack (from Config file)
* Time the last NODES broadcast was heard from this node.
* Number of frames queued to be sent.
* Remaining quality
Displays a number of counters.
Uptime (Days Hours Mins) Is the time since the system was loaded.
Buffers:Max/Cur/Min/Out/Wait Out is the number of times a request to allocate a buffer failed because there were none available.
Known Nodes/Max Nodes
L4 Connects Sent/Rxed
L4 Frames TX/RX/Resent/Reseq Resent is the number retransmitted because an ACK wasn't received within the L4 timeout period. The Reseq is the number of frames received out of sequence, but subsequently used because the missing frame(s) eventually arrived.
REJ Frames Rxed A large number may indicate that your Maxframe is too high. Similarly a large number in 'RX out of sequence' may indicate the the station talking to you has too large a maxframe.
RX Overruns indicate characters lost because the software didn't process the interrupts fast enough.
Undrun/Poll T/o indicate a problem in responding to TX interrupts. Only used for HDLC cards.
Frames abandoned number of frames discarded because they have been waiting to be sent (for DCD to clear) for more than 60 secs. Only used for HDLC cards.
Link Active % The first is the % of time in the last minute that your station was transmitting, and the second the % the channel was active. Only used for HDLC cards.
There is one set of level 2 counters for each port.
If you have more than 7 ports the display starts to look a bit untidy, so there are now two options on the STATS command:
S S Displays just the system and L3/4 stats
S n Displays just the port stats, starting with port N, for a maximum of 7 ports.
[sysop defined] Usual command to Talk to the Sysop (if available) but could be anything else defined by the sysop.
Enters UNPROTO mode, where you can send UI messages.
UN P CALL [Digis]
When in Unproto Mode anything you type will be send as a UI frame to the port and destination you specified.
This could be used in conjunction with the LISTEN command to have an multiuser conversation.
Use Ctrl/Z to exit UNPROTO mode
Lists the stations currently using the node.
The Number on the end of the header line is the number of free buffers.
Host is an internal (Normally BBS Port)
Circuit is a link from/to another node.
Uplink is a connection from a normal AX.25 station.
Downlink is a connection to a normal user.
<--> indicates an active session.
<~~> indicates a session being set up.
Displays the version number of the Node software