How to give feedback in ESL Teaching
Definition of Feedback
Positive feedback has two principal functions: to let students know that they have performed correctly, and to increase motivation through praise.
Negative feedback consists exclusively of the teacher repeating the student's response with a rising intonation. Students have no problem recognizing this a phonologically marked cue indicating that an incorrect response has been given.
Types of Feedback
Advice and Encouragement
Feedback should be:
•Regular & Standarized
•Balanced & Structured
•Positive & Honest
•As a teacher, be sure to show support, encouragement and praise.
•Be sure to create a positive atmosphere when giving feedback.
•Feedback has to be structured and balanced.
Techniques for giving feedback
•Make positive statements, discuss areas for improvement, and then finish with more positive statements.
•Ask questions about learners' comments and contribute to them.
•Make corrections at the end of the class and not when the students are speaking.