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TENER Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Tener literally means "to have" and is used in a number of idiomatic expressions

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Tener = To have ( be, possess, contain, hold)


Tener = to be

tener . . . años
to be . . . years old
tener ángel
to be charming
tener buena, mala estrella
to be lucky, unlucky
tener calor, frío
to be hot, cold
tener celos de
to be jealous of
tener cuidado
to be careful
tener la culpa de
to be to blame for
tener éxito
to be successful
tener hambre, sed
to be hungry, thirsty
tener madera para
to be made for, cut out for
tener malas pulgas
to be short-­tem­pered
tener mundo
to be sophis­ticated
tener prisa
to be in a hurry
tener razón
to be right
tener sueño
to be sleepy
tener suerte
to be lucky
tener vergüenza de
to be ashamed of
tener líos
to be in trouble
Because the expres­sions with tener use nouns, they are modified with adject­ives, not adverbs
Tengo frío.
Tengo mucho frío. (not muy)

Tener expres­sions

tener que
to have to
tener que + infinitive
to have to + infinitive
tener ganas de + infinitive
to feel like / in the mood for + infinitive
tener miedo a/de + noun
to be afraid of + noun
tener miedo a/de + infinitive
to be afraid to + infinitive
tener pensado + infinitive
to plan to + infinitive
tener dolor de . . .
to hurt or be sore of . . .
tener inconv­eniente
to mind, object to
tener mala cara
to look bad
tener los nervios de punta
to be on edge
tener palabra
to keep one's word
tener una promesa
to keep a promise
tener en cuenta
to keep in mind
tener en mente
to consider
tener que ver con . . .
to have to do with . . .
tener claro
to understand / to see / to be sure
tener lugar
to have time
tener que + infinitive - "to have to"
hay que + infinitive = "one has to" (imper­sonal phrase used when there is NO subject)