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Feedback and Techniques Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by [deleted]

How to give students positive feedback

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.

Definition of feedback

Inform­ation about reactions to a product, a person's perfor­mance of a task, etc. which is used as a basis for improv­ement

Positive and negative feedback

Positive feedback
Positive feedback has 2 principal functions: to let students know that they have performed correctly, and to increase motivation through praise.
Negative feedback
Negative feedback consists exclus­ively of the teacher repeating the student's response with a rising intona­tion. All students, even low profic­iency such as the ones taking part in this lesson have no trouble recogn­izing this is a phonol­ogi­cally marked cue indicating that an incorrect response has been given.

Types of feedback

Types of feedback

Reinfo­rcement feedback
•Commends a good job done
•Urges recipient to continue with perfor­mance and strengthen it.
Corrective Feedback
Points out areas of perfor­mance or behavior needing improving or modifying and sugges­tions on how to improve
Motivate the student, creates a positive atmosp­here.
Target language and helpful correction to motivate students
Advice and encour­agement
What can students do to help themse­lves?
How can students measure their success?


Feedback should be:
1) Regular and standa­rdized
2) Balanced and structured
3) Positive and honest

3 techniques for giving feedback

1) Ask-Te­ll-Ask
• Ask students for self-a­sse­ssment
• Tell them the behavi­or/­per­for­mance you observe and how it differs to what you expect.
• Ask students how they think they could improve and what action they can take.
2) Sandwich
• Praise for their strengths and areas of good perfor­mance
• Tell them the behavi­or/­per­for­mance you observe and how it differs to what you expect
• Praise their ability to adapt and modify and use examples where they have adapted and modified behavior in the past succes­sfully
3) Bridge
Connecting concepts together from past to future focusing on:
• Past positive behavi­or/­per­for­mance
• Present observe behavi­or/­per­for­mance
• Future behavi­or/­per­for­mance expected