Properties of Life
Prokaryotic vs. Eukaryotic Cell
Formation of Macromolecules
Storage and Energy
Starch is a chain of glucose. Cellulose is made of multiple chains of glucose with hydrogen bonding to connect the chains.
The G Things
Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Antagonist to insulin is glucagon.
Hypertonic - full of things
Hypotonic - empty of things
Hierarchy of Organization
Community is a bunch of populations, ecosystem is those populations and abiotic factors.
Domains and Kingdoms
Saturated fats are found in animals, unsaturated found in plants and is healthier. Trans fat is structured like a unsaturated fat, but straightened like a saturated fat.
Head of phospholipid is hydrophilic, tail hydrophilic. Fats are more concentrated amounts of energy than carbohydrates.
Destroyed via denaturation. Must be in specific temp and pH.
Stages of Hormone Signaling
Water/Lipid-Soluble Hormone Signaling
Competitive inhibitors block the active site whereas noncompetitive inhibitors reshape the enzyme.
Major Themes of Biology
Theory, Hypothesis, Law
Law describes, theory and hypothesis explain.
Sherlock utilizes inductive reasoning. He's in the "in" and knows the details.
Smooth & Rough ER
Functions of Cell Structures
Exocytosis & Endocytosis
Types of Endocytosis