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Functional Groups Cheat Sheet by

Containing Oxygen

Alcohol
ROH
Epoxide
(R2C-C­R2)-O (triangle)
Ether
ROR
Aldehyde
RC(=O)R
Carboxylic Acid
RC(=O)OH
Acid Anhydride
RC(=O)­OC(=O)R
Ester
RC(=O)OR
 

Containing Nitrogen

Amine
RNH2
Nitrile
RC≡N
Nitroa­lkane
RNO2
Amide
RC(=O)NR2

Containing Halide­s/Other Chemicals

Acyl Halide
RC(=O)X
Thiol
RSH
Sulfide
RSR
Alkyl Halide
RX
           
 

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