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MedSurg Nursing Medications Cheat Sheet by

Medications for MedSurg Nursing

Peri­ope­rat­ive

Antiem­etics
Ease N/V
Zofran (Ondan­ste­ron), promwt­hazine (Phene­rgan)
Inhaled Anesthesia
"­lau­ghing gas" Puts the patient asleep using inhalation as the delivery method.
Nitrous oxide, halothane, isoflu­rane, desflu­rane, sevofl­urane
General Anesthesia
Combin­ation of medica­tions that put a patient asleep. Typically through IV access, but can be paired with inhaled anesthesia
isoflu­rane, halothane, enflurane, desflurane
Local/­Reg­ional Anesthesia
One time injection that numbs a small area of the body
lidocane, priloc­aine, bupiva­caine
Opiods
Treat modera­te-­severe pain. habit forming.
Oxycodone, hydroc­odone, codine
Non-Opiods
Treat mild-m­oderate pain, fever and inflam­mation
Tylenol (aceta­min­ophen), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) Asprin (Acety­lsa­licylic Acid)
NSAIDS
Treat inflam­mation, mild pain, and fever
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), Naproxen (Aleve)

Cellular Regula­tion

Insulin
regulates glucose in the blood
Regular (short­-ac­ting), Rapid-­acting, Interm­edi­ate­-ac­ting, Long-a­cting
Oral Anti-d­iab­etics
lower glucose levels in blood
Metformin (Bigua­nides), Sulfon­ylu­reas, Meglit­inides, Thiazo­lid­ine­diones
Thyroid Hormones
regulate metabo­lism, thermo­genesis and protein, carboh­ydrate and lipid metabolism
Triiod­oth­yronine (T3), Tetrai­odo­thy­ronine (T4, thyrox­ine), Calcitonin
Osteop­orosis meds (Bisph­osp­hon­ates)
treat osteop­orosis
Alendr­onate (Fosamax), Risedr­onate (Actonel), Ibandr­onate (Boniva), Zoledronic acid (Reclast), Calcium tablets

Oxyg­ena­tion

Bronch­odi­lators
causes widening of the bronchi
Albuterol, Salmet­erol, Formoterol
Antitu­ssives
prevents or relieves cough
Codeine, dextro­met­horphan (Delsym 12 hr)
Antihi­sta­mines
stops allergy symptoms
Cetirizine (Zyrtec), Diphen­hyd­ramine (Benad­ryl), Fexofe­nadine (Allegra), Loratadine (Claritin)
Decong­estants
shrink swollen blood vessels and tissues
Psudoe­phe­drine (Sudafed), Oxymet­azoline (Afrin)
Antich­oli­nergics
blocks actions of acetyl­choline
atropine (atropen), belladonna alkaloids, clidinium

Park­ins­ons

pramip­exole (Mirapex), ropinirole (Requip)
stimulate dopamine receptors
Carbid­opa­/Le­vodopa
promotes dopamine synthesis
benztr­opine (Cogen­tin), trihex­yph­enidyl (Artane)
helps control tremors, rigidity, and drooling
 

Perf­usion

Antihy­per­ten­siv­e-Beta Blockers
HR/BP, ends in (-lol)
metopr­olol, atenolol, bisoprolol
ACE inhibiters
BP, K+, ends in (-pril)
Benaze­pril, Catopril, Enalapril, Fosinopril
Calcium Channel Blockers
Relaxes smooth muscle movement, resist­ance, BP, ends in (-dipine)
Amlodipine (Norvasc), Felodi­pine, Isradipine
Vasodi­lators
BP, O2 to major organs
Nitrog­lyc­erin, Hydrazine, Nitrop­rus­side, Isosorbide
DVT-an­tic­oag­ulants
clotting factor
apixaban (Eliquis), dabigatran (Pradaxa), edoxaban (Lixiana), rivaro­xaban (Xarelto), warfarin (Coumadin)

Anti­bio­tics

Amoxic­illin
diarrhea, skin rash, stomach upset
Azithr­omycin
diarrhea, N/V, tiredness, abdominal pain
Amoxic­ill­in/­cla­vulanic acid (augme­ntin)
diarrhea, upset stomach, vomiting, skin rash
Cephalexin
Diarrhea, dizziness, vaginal itching or discharge, joint pain, abdominal pain
Ciprof­loxacin
nausea, stomach pain, diarrhea
Vancomycin
Stomach upset, dizziness, fever, tiredness, blood in urine or stool
Zosyn
Consti­pation, diarrhea, stomach pain, injection site reactions
Bactrim
Loss of appetite, N/V

Anti­sei­zur­es/­Ant­ico­nvu­lsa­nts

Help prevent seizures and reduce the risk of them happening
Carbam­azepine (Tegratol)
Clonazepam (Klonopin)
Gabapentin (Neuro­ntin)
Lamotr­igine (Lamictal)
Phenob­arbital (Luminal)
Leveti­racetam (Keppra)
Phenytoin (Dilantin)
Pregabalin (Lyrica)
Toprimate (Topamax)
Valpor­ate­/Va­lproic Acid (Depakote)

Multiple Sclero­sis

tizanidine (Zanaf­lex), baclofen (lioresal)
Muscle relaxers
predni­sone, cortisone, hydroc­ort­izone, methyl­pre­dnisone
cortic­ost­eriod
B-Inte­rferon (Betas­eron, Extavia, Avonex, Rebif), Glatiramer (Copaxone)
Immuno­mod­ulators
natalizumb (Tysabri)
immuno­sup­pre­ssant
oxybutynin (Ditropan)
antich­oli­ner­gic­s/a­nti­spa­smodics
toprimate (Topamax), gabapentin (Neuro­ntin), pregabalin (Lyrica), Carbam­azepine (Tegre­tol), phenytoin (Dilantin)
Antico­nvi­lsa­nt/­ant­ise­izure
 

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