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Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination Cheat Sheet (DRAFT) by

Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination

This is a draft cheat sheet. It is a work in progress and is not finished yet.


A stereotype is a genera­lis­ation about a group of people in which identical charac­ter­istics are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among members
Gordon Allport (1954)
Law of Least Effort- We are cognitive misers
Cognitive Misers
apply a range of heuristics to deal with the social world which can be useful if accurate
Walter Lippmann
stereo­types are little pictures we carry in our head

Stereotype Threat

Stereotype threat refers to being at risk of confir­ming, as self-c­har­act­eri­stic, a negative stereotype about one’s group (Steele & Aronson, 1995). You may uninte­nti­onally display some charac­ter­istic which is considered a stereotype of a group to which you belong


Prejudice is a hostile or negative attitude toward a distin­gui­shable group of people, based solely on their membership in that group
Can be seen as
intole­rant, unfair, or irrati­onal, unfavo­urable attitude toward another group of people


When strong prejudice is directed at an ethnic group it becomes an aspect of racism
Ideolo­gical Element of Racism
belief in the superi­ority of a particular race and its right to dominion over others
Individual Racism
a person organises their life around opposition to another racial group.
Instit­utional Racism
e formal laws and regula­tions as well as informal, but powerful social norms that limit the 6 PSYC 3023 Lec 4 Sem 1 2022-2023 opport­unities and choices available to certain ethnic groups exist


Discri­min­ation is t is an unjust­ified negative or harmful action toward the members of a group simply because of membership in that group.
is the action component to prejudice

Types of Racism

Tradit­ional Racists
Generally call for support for segreg­ation laws and beliefs in the moral and intell­ectual inferi­ority of other ethnic groups
Modern Racists
Subtler and less extreme and is more common in society. Generally believes that racism is over and that there is no lasting effects of slavery etc
Symbolic Racism
A blend of anti-Black attitudes with beliefs in tradit­ional American values such as indivi­dua­lism, self-r­eli­ance, and work ethic
Aversive Racism
A person who was grown with unavoi­dable racial biases produced by social­isation and cultural patterns but who have also intern­alised values of fairness and equality so they sympathise with victims of injustice